Nils Gunnar Johansson

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A novel series of potent specific HIV-1 inhibitory compounds is described. The lead compound in the series, N-(2-phenethyl)-N'-(2-thiazolyl)thiourea (1), inhibits HIV-1 RT using rCdG as the template with an IC50 of 0.9 microM. In MT-4 cells, compound 1 inhibits HIV-1 with an ED50 of 1.3 microM. The 50% cytotoxic dose in cell culture is > 380 microM. The(More)
Ribavirin 5'-triphosphate (RTP), derived from the broad-spectrum antiviral compound ribavirin (Virazole), can selectively inhibit influenza virus ribonucleic acid polymerase in a cell-free assay. Ribavirin and its 5'-monophosphate have no effect on the polymerase. The inhibition is competitive with respect to adenosine 5'-triphosphate and guanosine(More)
Deoxynucleoside kinases are required for the 5'-phosphorylation of deoxynucleoside analogs used in chemotherapy. Cytoplasmic thymidine kinase (TK1), deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) and mitochondrial thymidine kinase (TK2) were completely purified from human leukemic spleen and their capacities to phosphorylate 43 nucleoside analogs were compared. TK1 showed the(More)
Phenylethylthiazolylthiourea (PETT) derivatives have been identified as a new series of non-nucleoside inhibitors of HIV-1 RT. Structure-activity relationship studies of this class of compounds resulted in the identification of N-[2-(2-pyridyl)ethyl]-N'-[2-(5-bromopyridyl)]-thiourea hydrochloride (trovirdine; LY300046.HCl) as a highly potent anti-HIV-1(More)
This paper describes a structure-activity study to identify novel, small-molecule inhibitors of the enzyme deoxyuridine 5'-triphosphate nucleotidohydrolase (dUTPase) from parasitic protozoa. The successful synthesis of a variety of analogues of dUMP is described in which the substituents are introduced at the 3'- and 5'-positions, together with variation in(More)
Pyrimidine metabolism is a major route for therapeutic intervention against malaria. Here we report inhibition and structural studies on the deoxyuridine nucleotidohydrolase from the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum (PfdUTPase). We have identified a series of triphenylmethane derivatives of deoxyuridine with antimalarial activity in vitro which(More)
RNA polymerases effectively discriminate against deoxyribonucleotides and specifically recognize ribonucleotide substrates most likely through direct hydrogen bonding interaction with the 2'-alpha-hydroxy moieties of ribonucleosides. Therefore, ribonucleoside analogs as inhibitors of viral RNA polymerases have mostly been designed to retain hydrogen bonding(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to evaluate the retention of prefabricated root canal posts made of a variety of materials that have recently been introduced into dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS The posts studied were CosmoPost, Composipost carbon fibres, Composipost Aestheti-Plus, Composipost Light-Post and Para Post Fiber White. The posts were(More)
The ubiquitous enzyme dUTP nucleotidohydrolase (dUTPase) catalyses the hydrolysis of dUTP to dUMP and can be considered as the first line of defence against incorporation of uracil into DNA. Inhibition of this enzyme results in over-incorporation of uracil into DNA, leading to DNA fragmentation and cell death and is therefore lethal. By taking advantage of(More)
The further development of allosteric HIV-1 RT inhibitors in the urea analogue series of PETT (phenylethylthiazolylthiourea) derivatives is described here. The series includes derivatives with an ethyl linker (1-5) and racemic (6-16) and enantiomeric (17-20) cis-cyclopropane compounds. The antiviral activity was determined both at the RT level and in cell(More)