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Pyrimidine metabolism is a major route for therapeutic intervention against malaria. Here we report inhibition and structural studies on the deoxyuridine nucleotidohydrolase from the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum (PfdUTPase). We have identified a series of triphenylmethane derivatives of deoxyuridine with antimalarial activity in vitro which(More)
Deoxynucleoside kinases are required for the 5'-phosphorylation of deoxynucleoside analogs used in chemotherapy. Cytoplasmic thymidine kinase (TK1), deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) and mitochondrial thymidine kinase (TK2) were completely purified from human leukemic spleen and their capacities to phosphorylate 43 nucleoside analogs were compared. TK1 showed the(More)
Ribavirin 5'-triphosphate (RTP), derived from the broad-spectrum antiviral compound ribavirin (Virazole), can selectively inhibit influenza virus ribonucleic acid polymerase in a cell-free assay. Ribavirin and its 5'-monophosphate have no effect on the polymerase. The inhibition is competitive with respect to adenosine 5'-triphosphate and guanosine(More)
A novel series of potent specific HIV-1 inhibitory compounds is described. The lead compound in the series, N-(2-phenethyl)-N'-(2-thiazolyl)thiourea (1), inhibits HIV-1 RT using rCdG as the template with an IC50 of 0.9 microM. In MT-4 cells, compound 1 inhibits HIV-1 with an ED50 of 1.3 microM. The 50% cytotoxic dose in cell culture is > 380 microM. The(More)
Phenylethylthiazolylthiourea (PETT) derivatives have been identified as a new series of non-nucleoside inhibitors of HIV-1 RT. Structure-activity relationship studies of this class of compounds resulted in the identification of N-[2-(2-pyridyl)ethyl]-N'-[2-(5-bromopyridyl)]-thiourea hydrochloride (trovirdine; LY300046.HCl) as a highly potent anti-HIV-1(More)
This paper describes a structure-activity study to identify novel, small-molecule inhibitors of the enzyme deoxyuridine 5'-triphosphate nucleotidohydrolase (dUTPase) from parasitic protozoa. The successful synthesis of a variety of analogues of dUMP is described in which the substituents are introduced at the 3'- and 5'-positions, together with variation in(More)
We report the discovery of novel uracil-based acyclic compounds as inhibitors of deoxyuridine 5'-triphosphate nucleotidohydrolase (dUTPase), an enzyme involved in nucleotide metabolism that has been identified as a promising target for the development of antimalarial drugs. Compounds were assayed against both P.falciparum dUTPase and intact parasites. A(More)
2'-Deoxyuridine triphosphate nucleotidohydrolase (dUTPase) is a potential drug target for the treatment of malaria. We previously reported the discovery of 5'-tritylated analogues of deoxyuridine as selective inhibitors of this Plasmodium falciparum enzyme. Herein we report further structure-activity studies; in particular, variations of the 5'-trityl(More)
Deoxyuridine 5'-triphosphate nucleotidohydrolase (dUTPase) is a potential drug target for malaria. We previously reported some 5'-tritylated deoxyuridine analogues (both cyclic and acyclic) as selective inhibitors of the Plasmodium falciparum dUTPase. Modelling studies indicated that it might be possible to replace the trityl group with a diphenyl moiety,(More)
Trisodium phosphonoformate selectively inhibits cell-free DNA polymerase activity induced by herpesvirus. The new inhibitor has an antiviral effect on herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2, pseudorables virus, and infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus in cell culture. It has a good therapeutic activity against cutaneous herpes simplex virus infection in(More)