Nils C. H. Bergenhem

Learn More
Niacin is known to exert profound beneficial effects on cholesterol levels in humans, although its use is somewhat hampered by the gram quantities necessary to exert effects and the prevalence of compliance-limiting skin flushing side effects that occur. Recently, two G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) for niacin were identified and characterized as high(More)
Several proteins have been discovered that either catalyze slow protein-folding reactions or assist folding in the cell. Prolyl isomerase, which has been shown to accelerate rate-limiting cis-trans peptidyl-proline isomerization steps in the folding pathway, can also participate in the protein-folding process as a chaperone. This function is exerted on an(More)
The alpha-carbonic anhydrase (alpha-CA) gene family in mammals encodes 10 CA or CA-like proteins (CA I-CA X). Although the gene for human CA VII has been cloned and characterized, the corresponding protein has not previously been purified, and hence, the CO2 hydrase activity of its product has not as yet been demonstrated. In this study, we have cloned the(More)
1. A partial primary structure (197 residues) of carbonic anhydrase from tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvieri) erythrocytes has been determined. 2. The amino acid sequence of the enzyme is identical to those of human cytoplasmic carbonic anhydrases (CA I-III) by as much as 52-60%. 3. It is shown that tiger shark CA most closely resembles the CA II isoenzyme of(More)
A recently reported mRNA, encoding 'carbonic anhydrase-related polypeptide' (CARP) from the Purkinje cells of mouse cerebellum, was shown to have a 30-40% deduced amino acid sequence identity with the carbonic anhydrases (CA) of mammals. In order to compare the mouse and human CARP sequences, we used the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplify human CARP(More)
Carbonic anhydrase VII (CA VII) appears to be the most highly conserved of the active mammalian carbonic anhydrases. We have characterized the catalytic activity and inhibition properties of a recombinant murine CA VII. CA VII has steady-state constants similar to two of the most active isozymes of carbonic anhydrase, CA II and IV; also, it is very strongly(More)
The structure of the gene encoding carbonic anhydrase I (CA I) was determined for the pigtail macaque Macaca nemestrina. When the deduced amino-acid sequence was compared with those of five other primates, four non-primate mammals and a turtle, seven residues were found to be unique and invariant to all of the CA I sequences. A scheme is presented for the(More)
The kinetics of the refolding of the enzyme, human carbonic anhydrase II (HCA II), at different temperatures, together with the Escherichia coli chaperonin GroEL, has been studied. The Arrhenius plots for the spontaneous, GroEL-assisted, and GroEL/ES-assisted refolding of HCA II show that the apparent activation energy (E(a)) is lower in the presence of the(More)
The room temperature phosphorescence of native human carbonic anhydrase (CA), and several mutants of this enzyme has been investigated. In these mutants the seven tryptophan residues in the native protein have sequentially been replaced by cysteine or phenylalanine. All of the mutants as well as native CA show room-temperature tryptophan phosphorescence(More)