Nils Birkeland

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Methanotrophs are ubiquitous bacteria that can use the greenhouse gas methane as a sole carbon and energy source for growth, thus playing major roles in global carbon cycles, and in particular, substantially reducing emissions of biologically generated methane to the atmosphere. Despite their importance, and in contrast to organisms that play roles in other(More)
Hydrolytic deamination of DNA-cytosines into uracils is a major source of spontaneously induced mutations, and at elevated temperatures the rate of cytosine deamination is increased. Uracil lesions are repaired by the base excision repair pathway, which is initiated by a specific uracil DNA glycosylase enzyme (UDG). The hyperthermophilic archaeon(More)
The current trend of extending operations management beyond the company's wall focuses on the integration of suppliers and consumers into a single information network. The objective is to optimize costs and opportunities for everyone involved. However, small-sized enterprises can rarely carry the high acquisition and introduction costs of hardware and(More)
The genes encoding the desulforubidin type of dissimilatory sulfite reductase (Dsr) from the sulfate-reducing bacteria Desulfobacter vibrioformis and Desulfobulbus rhabdoformis were cloned and sequenced. Similar to the genes for dissimilatory sulfite reductase from the genera Archaeoglobus, Desulfovibrio and Desulfotomaculum the dsr genes were found to form(More)
Uptake of glutamate into vesicles of Halobacterium salinarium has been studied during respiration and in the nonrespiring state. Uptake requires respiration or a minimum gradient in NaCl, which is consistent with an Na+ symport mechanism for uptake, as proposed for H. halobium. By replacing KCl or NaCl by choline chloride, it has been possible to(More)
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