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Necrotizing entercolitis (NEC) is an important neonatal disease with a high mortality rate. Inflammatory mediators, such as mainly platelet-activating factor (PAF), leukotrienes (LT) and tumor necrosis factor play an important role in the genesis of NEC. Diets in omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids appear to have an antiinflammatory effect, which is thought to be due(More)
The Schinzel-Giedion syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive condition with typical facial features, skeletal manifestations and congenital hydronephrosis and/or hydroureter. We report a male infant with Schinzel-Giedion syndrome, also showing the karyotypic abnormality 47,XXY. Agenesis of the corpus callosum and laryngeal stenosis were determined at(More)
The diagnosis of perinatal asphyxia is often inexact and present techniques for assessing its severity are unsatisfactory. The purpose of this study was to describe prospectively the value of the urinary uric acid to creatinine (UA/Cr) ratio in showing increased uric acid excretion in early spot urine samples for the identification of perinatal asphyxia,(More)
Platelet-activating factor levels were measured in nine preterm infants with Klebsiella pneumonia septicaemia, eight healthy preterm infants of similar gestational age and ten healthy full-term infants of the same postnatal age at sampling. The platelet-activating factor levels of the healthy preterm and term groups did not differ significantly, but were(More)
Betaine therapy was given for 2 years to a 2-year-old boy with 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase deficiency. Used as a methyl donor to lower homocysteine levels through methylation of methionine, betaine has been reported to be effective in treating homocystinuria. Satisfactory biochemical and clinical responses were obtained with the following(More)
A 13-day-old, preterm, male infant was referred for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and jaundice. His twin sister had died of RDS on the second day of life in another hospital. The patient had typical features of spondylocostal dysplasia. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) were also diagnosed by echocardiographic(More)
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is still a very important cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. Recently, platelet-activating factor (PAF) has been accused of being responsible for the neuronal damage in hypoxic-ischemic brain. We investigated tissue PAF concentrations in hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in immature rats. Endogenous PAF concentration in(More)
Plasma granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations were determined in 21 preterm infants with sepsis and nine healthy preterm neonates of the same postnatal age at sampling. Plasma GM-CSF levels were elevated at diagnosis in the septic preterms as compared to the healthy preterms (P = 0.01), but did not(More)
This paper was designed to investigate whether phototherapy is an oxidative stress in newborn infants undergoing phototherapy. A day-light continuous phototherapy was given to jaundiced 20 term and 16 preterm newborns for 72 hours. We measured serum vitamin E and the activities of red blood cell anti-oxidation enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase and(More)