Nilesh S. Chitnis

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Chilo iridescent virus (CIV) is the type species for the family Iridoviridae, which are large, isometric, cytoplasmic dsDNA viruses. We examined the mechanism of apoptosis induction by CIV. High CIV doses (CIV(XS); 400 microg/ml), UV-irradiated virus (CIV(UV); 10 microg/ml) and CVPE (CIV protein extract; 10 microg/ml) induced apoptosis in 60% of treated(More)
Chilo iridescent virus (CIV; IIV-6) is the type member of the genus Iridovirus (family Iridoviridae, large icosahedral cytoplasmic DNA viruses). CIV induces death and deformity in the cotton boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis, replicates productively in larvae of the cotton boll weevil, and significantly reduces laboratory populations of the cotton aphid,(More)
Apoptosis and inhibition of host gene expression are often associated with virus infections. Many viral polypeptides modulate apoptosis by direct interaction with highly conserved apoptotic pathways. Some viruses induce apoptosis during late stages of the infection cycle, while others inhibit apoptosis to facilitate replication or maintain persistent(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum stress plays a critical role to restore the homeostasis of protein production in eukaryotic cells. This vital process is hence involved in many types of diseases including COPD. PERK, one branch in the ER stress signaling pathways, has been reported to activate NRF2 signaling pathway, a known protective response to COPD. Based on this(More)
Programmed cell death (apoptosis) is a key host response to virus infection. Viruses that can modulate host apoptotic responses are likely to gain important opportunities for transmission. Here we review recent studies that demonstrate that particles of Invertebrate iridescent virus 6 (IIV-6) (Iridoviridae, genus Iridovirus), or an IIV-6 virion protein(More)
We describe a novel functional role for the HLA-B locus mediated by its intron-encoded microRNA (miRNA), miR-6891-5p. We show that in vitro inhibition of miR-6891-5p impacts the expression of nearly 200 transcripts within the B-lymphoblastoid cell line (B-LCL) COX, affecting a large number of metabolic pathways, including various immune response networks.(More)
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