Nilesh J. Bokil

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Evolutionary change in gene expression is generally considered to be a major driver of phenotypic differences between species. We investigated innate immune diversification by analyzing interspecies differences in the transcriptional responses of primary human and mouse macrophages to the Toll-like receptor (TLR)-4 agonist lipopolysaccharide (LPS). By using(More)
The movement of key transition metal ions is recognized to be of critical importance in the interaction between macrophages and intracellular pathogens. The present study investigated the role of copper in mouse macrophage responses to Salmonella enterica sv. Typhimurium. The copper chelator BCS (bathocuproinedisulfonic acid, disodium salt) increased(More)
Uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) are the primary cause of urinary tract infections. Recent studies have demonstrated that UPEC can invade and replicate within epithelial cells, suggesting that this bacterial pathogen may occupy an intracellular niche within the host. Given that many intracellular pathogens target macrophages, we assessed the interactions(More)
Mutations in the FBN1 gene, encoding the extracellular matrix protein fibrillin-1, result in the dominant connective tissue disease Marfan syndrome. Marfan syndrome has a variable phenotype, even within families carrying the same FBN1 mutation. Differences in gene expression resulting from sequence differences in the promoter region of the FBN1 gene are(More)
We aimed to characterize antimicrobial zinc trafficking within macrophages and to determine whether the professional intramacrophage pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S Typhimurium) subverts this pathway. Using both Escherichia coli and S Typhimurium, we show that TLR signaling promotes the accumulation of vesicular zinc within primary human(More)
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a cardiac disorder associated with sudden death especially in young, seemingly healthy individuals. It is characterised by abnormalities of the heart beat detected as lengthening of the QT interval during cardiac repolarisation. The incidence of LQTS is given as 1 in 2000 but this may be an underestimation as many cases go(More)
Ageing has pronounced effects on the immune system, including on innate immune cells. Whilst most studies suggest that total numbers of different innate immune cell populations do not change dramatically during ageing, many of their functions such as phagocytosis, antigen presentation and inflammatory molecule secretion decline. In contrast, many endogenous(More)
Detection of bacterial CpG-containing DNA (CpG DNA) by innate immune cells is dependent on toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9). Here we show that the expression of tlr9 mRNA was induced in mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) upon infection with the facultative Gram-negative intracellular bacterium Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. typhimurium).(More)
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are among the most common infections in humans. Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) can invade and replicate within bladder epithelial cells, and some UPEC strains can also survive within macrophages. To understand the UPEC transcriptional programme associated with intramacrophage survival, we performed host-pathogen(More)
A large Australian family affected with long QT syndrome (LQTS) was studied. The medical characteristics of the 16 clinically affected members were consistent with LQT1. A previously identified mutation in KCNQ1 was found in 12 affected individuals and 1 unaffected infant but absent in 4 affected family members. A haplotype consisting of specific alleles(More)