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We have previously shown that soluble factor(s) in conditioned media (CM) from the central and peripheral regions of the anterior pituitary (AP) gland of lactating rats promoted the in vitro dose-related release of prolactin (PRL) from pituitary glands of male rats. In the present experiments we sought to determine whether CM from rats in different(More)
Pre-training administration of scopolamine (SCP) resembles situations of cholinergic dysfunction, leading to memory impairment of mice trained in an inhibitory avoidance task. We suggest here that SCP does not impair memory formation, but acquisition is affected in a way that reduces the strength of the stored memory, thus making this memory less able to(More)
Persistence is an attribute of long-term memories (LTM) that has recently caught researcher's attention in search for mechanisms triggered by experience that assure memory perdurability. Up-to-date, scarce evidence of relationship between reconsolidation and persistence has been described. Here, we characterized hippocampal ERK participation in LTM(More)
Prolactin (PRL) release was compared after incubating the central and peripheral regions of the anterior pituitary of lactating rats, either nonsuckled or suckled in conditioned medium obtained by incubating medium with the same anterior pituitary regions from nonsuckled or suckled rats. To collect conditioned media, anterior pituitary regions were(More)
Recently it has been suggested that the neurohormone prolactin (PRL) could act on the afferent nociceptive neurons. Indeed, PRL sensitizes transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channels present in nociceptive C-fibers and consequently reduces the pain threshold in a model of inflammatory pain. Accordingly, high plasma PRL levels in non-lactating(More)
Oxytocin (OT) is essential for parturition and milk ejection, and OT-containing fibers are present in several regions of the brain and in the spinal cord. During lactation, activation of spinal cord neurons by suckling stimulation involves deep laminae III-X including sympathetic preganglionic neurons of the intermedio-medial cell column. In the present(More)
This study demonstrates that conditioned media (CM) from the anterior pituitary gland (AP) of lactating rats contains soluble factors that promote in vitro prolactin (PRL) release from the pituitary glands of male rats. CM-induced PRL release was confirmed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, ELISA and bioassay. In cultured AP cells challenged with CM,(More)
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