Nilda Gallardo

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The insulin receptor (IR) occurs as two alternatively spliced isoforms, IR-A (exon 11-) and IR-B (exon 11+), which exhibit functional differences and are expressed in a tissue-specific manner. The IR substrate (IRS) proteins 1, 2 and 3 also differ in function and tissue distribution. Here we show the differential gene expression of IRs and IRSs in several(More)
Leptin enhances the glucose utilization in most insulin target tissues and paradoxically decreases it in white adipose tissue (WAT), but knowledge of the mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effect of central leptin on the insulin-dependent glucose uptake in WAT is limited. After 7 d intracerebroventricular leptin treatment (0.2 μg/d) of rats, the overall(More)
Leptin reduces adiposity and exerts antisteatotic effects on nonadipose tissues. However, the mechanisms underlying leptin effects on lipid metabolism in liver and white adipose tissue have not been fully clarified. Here, we have studied the effects of central leptin administration on key enzymes and transcription factors involved in lipid metabolism in(More)
Aged Wistar rats are characterized by leptin and insulin resistance. The expression of SOCS-3 in hypothalamus increases with ageing. Food restriction during 3 months decreases obesity Lee index in aged rats with respect to their ad libitum aged-mates and brings serum leptin concentrations to values close to those of young rats. Food restriction partially(More)
A protein with insulin-like effects was isolated from the hepatopancreas of the lobster Panulirus argus following a classic method for mammalian insulin purification from the pancreas. After acid-alcoholic extraction and ethanol-ether precipitation followed by molecular filtration chromatography, a protein with an apparent molecular weight of 6 kDa was(More)
Two variants of the adipose hormone resistin are generated by alternative splicing in Wistar rats. Here we analyzed the expression of these resistin variants in 2 main visceral adipose depots, epididymal and retroperitoneal, as well as the resistin serum concentration during aging and food restriction. Total protein levels of resistin were also analyzed in(More)
S-resistin is a non-secretable resistin spliced variant described in white adipose tissue from Wistar rats. Since resistin has been implicated in adipogenesis regulation, here we have investigated the possible role of this new isoform in this process. For that, we have studied the adipocyte development in 3T3-L1 pre-adipocyte cell line stably expressing(More)
Increased levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) have been associated with obesity, aging, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes, conditions that contribute to increased cardiovascular risk. PAI-1 is expressed in a variety of tissues, but the cellular origin of plasma PAI-1 is unknown. To link insulin resistance, aging, and cardiovascular(More)
Insulin resistance develops with ageing in humans and rodents. Here, we have studied the evolution of insulin sensitivity with ageing trying to discriminate the role of adiposity from that of ageing in this process. We performed oral glucose tolerance tests and determined overall and tissue-specific glucose utilization under euglycemic-hyper-insulinemic(More)
Obesity and type 2 diabetes are associated with insulin and leptin resistance, and increased ceramide contents in target tissues. Because the adipose tissue has become a central focus in these diseases, and leptin-induced increases in insulin sensitivity may be related to effects of leptin on lipid metabolism, we investigated herein whether central leptin(More)