Learn More
Leptin interacts with specific receptors in hypothalamic nuclei and modulates energy balance. Growing evidence has shown the association of obesity and hyperleptinaemia with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance. The aged Wistar rat shows peripheral insulin resistance in the absence of obesity and alterations of glucose homeostasis.(More)
Insulin resistance develops with ageing in humans and rodents. Here, we have studied the evolution of insulin sensitivity with ageing trying to discriminate the role of adiposity from that of ageing in this process. We performed oral glucose tolerance tests and determined overall and tissue-specific glucose utilization under euglycemic-hyper-insulinemic(More)
Leptin reduces adiposity and exerts antisteatotic effects on nonadipose tissues. However, the mechanisms underlying leptin effects on lipid metabolism in liver and white adipose tissue have not been fully clarified. Here, we have studied the effects of central leptin administration on key enzymes and transcription factors involved in lipid metabolism in(More)
Leptin enhances the glucose utilization in most insulin target tissues and paradoxically decreases it in white adipose tissue (WAT), but knowledge of the mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effect of central leptin on the insulin-dependent glucose uptake in WAT is limited. After 7 d intracerebroventricular leptin treatment (0.2 μg/d) of rats, the overall(More)
Aged Wistar rats are characterized by leptin and insulin resistance. The expression of SOCS-3 in hypothalamus increases with ageing. Food restriction during 3 months decreases obesity Lee index in aged rats with respect to their ad libitum aged-mates and brings serum leptin concentrations to values close to those of young rats. Food restriction partially(More)
The insulin receptor (IR) occurs as two alternatively spliced isoforms, IR-A (exon 11-) and IR-B (exon 11+), which exhibit functional differences and are expressed in a tissue-specific manner. The IR substrate (IRS) proteins 1, 2 and 3 also differ in function and tissue distribution. Here we show the differential gene expression of IRs and IRSs in several(More)
Invertebrate metallothioneins (MT) have mainly been reported in digestive tissues, but data about the existence of a ubiquitous isoform expressed also in nervous tissue, are not available. Here we report the identification of a new metallothionein gene (MTPA) from the lobster Panulirus argus, putatively encoding a 59 residue polypeptide including 19 Cys.(More)
Increased levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) have been associated with obesity, aging, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes, conditions that contribute to increased cardiovascular risk. PAI-1 is expressed in a variety of tissues, but the cellular origin of plasma PAI-1 is unknown. To link insulin resistance, aging, and cardiovascular(More)
Obesity and type 2 diabetes are associated with insulin and leptin resistance, and increased ceramide contents in target tissues. Because the adipose tissue has become a central focus in these diseases, and leptin-induced increases in insulin sensitivity may be related to effects of leptin on lipid metabolism, we investigated herein whether central leptin(More)
Two variants of the adipose hormone resistin are generated by alternative splicing in Wistar rats. Here we analyzed the expression of these resistin variants in 2 main visceral adipose depots, epididymal and retroperitoneal, as well as the resistin serum concentration during aging and food restriction. Total protein levels of resistin were also analyzed in(More)