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Stem cell transplantation at the time of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) improves cardiac function. Whether the improved cardiac function results from regeneration of cardiac myocytes, modulation of remodeling, or preservation of injured tissue through paracrine mechanisms is actively debated. Because no specific stem cell population has been shown to be(More)
MSCs have received attention for their therapeutic potential in a number of disease states, including bone formation, diabetes, stem cell engraftment after marrow transplantation, graft-versus-host disease, and heart failure. Despite this diverse interest, the molecular signals regulating MSC trafficking to sites of injury are unclear. MSCs are known to(More)
Clinical studies suggest increased arrhythmia risk associated with cell therapy for myocardial infarction (MI); however, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We hypothesize that the degree of electrical viability in the infarct and border zone associated with skeletal myoblast (SKMB) or mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy will determine(More)
Speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) uses a two-dimensional echocardiographic image to estimate two orthogonal strain components. The aim of this study was to assess sensitivity of circumferential (S(circ)) and radial (S(rad)) strains to infarct-induced left ventricular (LV) remodeling and scarring of the LV in a rat. To assess the relationship among(More)
BACKGROUND P-selectin blockade significantly inhibits inflammation and neointimal formation after arterial injury; however, the independent roles of platelet and endothelial P-selectins in this process are unknown. In atherosclerosis, both platelet and endothelial cell P-selectins are important. This study was designed to determine whether P-selectin(More)
Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) particles have been used successfully as an intracellular contrast agent for nuclear MRI cell tracking in vivo. We present a method of detecting intracellular SPIO colloid uptake in live cells using cell magnetophoresis, with potential applications in measuring intracellular MRI contrast uptake. The method was evaluated(More)
Protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent phosphorylation is regulated by targeting of PKA to its substrate as a result of binding of regulatory subunit, R, to A-kinase-anchoring proteins (AKAPs). We investigated the effects of disrupting PKA targeting to AKAPs in the heart by expressing the 24-amino acid regulatory subunit RII-binding peptide, Ht31, its inactive(More)
In early diastole, pressure is lower in the apex than in the base of the left ventricle (LV). This early intraventricular pressure difference (IVPD) facilitates LV filling. We assessed how LV diastolic IVPD and intraventricular pressure gradient (IVPG), defined as IVPD divided by length, scale to the heart size and other physiological variables. We studied(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to test our hypothesis that injection of skeletal myoblasts (SkMbs) into viable tissue may alter impulse conduction but that injections into nonviable tissue (scar) will have negligible impact. BACKGROUND Myocardial infarction (MI) is a major public health problem. SkMb transplantation after MI has been shown to have(More)
BACKGROUND Multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPC) comprise interesting candidates for myocardial regeneration because of a broad differentiation ability and immune privilege. We aimed to compare the improvement of cardiac function by syngeneic and allogeneic MAPC produced on a large scale using a platform optimized from MAPC research protocols. METHODS(More)