Nikos Katsaros

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The antitumor activity of the inorganic complex cis-diammine-dichloroplatinum(II) (cisplatin) led to the development of other types of non-organic cytostatic drugs. Numerous platinum other platinum and non-platinum metal compounds were shown to be effective against animal model tumors as well as tumors in man. However, the introduction of novel transition(More)
The present work presents evidence indicating that copper, which binds on the phosphate and base moieties of the DNA, induces single strand DNA breaks and increases the frequency of mutations and sister chromatid exchanges in cultured V-79 fibroblast cells, while in solution decreases the thermostability of the DNA of these cells. Magnesium which binds only(More)
The neutral mononuclear vanadyl complex with the quinolone antibacterial drug enrofloxacin has been prepared and characterized with physicochemical and spectroscopic techniques and molecular mechanics calculations. The interaction of the complex with calf-thymus DNA has also been investigated and the antimicrobial activity has been evaluated against three(More)
Apoptosis is a type of programmed cell death involved in many crucial biological processes. It represents the basic mechanism for the action of chemotherapeutic agents, such as doxorubicin and carboplatin. Both are able to cause cell death through the induction of apoptosis in the human leukemic cell line HL-60. We investigated the possible alterations in(More)
Apoptosis, a normal physiological form of cell death, is critically involved in the regulation of cellular homeostasis. If the delicate balance between cell death and cell proliferation is altered by a defect in the normal regulation of apoptosis signaling, a cell population is able to survive and accumulate, thereby favoring the acquisition of further(More)
The anti-apoptotic molecule BCL2 delays cell-cycle entry from quiescence. We have recently cloned a new member of the BCL2 family of apoptosis-related genes, BCL2L12. In the present study, the expression of BCL2 and BCL2L12 genes during cisplatin-induced apoptosis in HL-60 leukemic cells was investigated. The kinetics of apoptosis induction and cell(More)
The mononuclear copper complexes with the quinolone antibacterial drug enrofloxacin (=Herx) in the presence or not of a nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligand 1,10-phenanthroline (=phen) and 2,2'-bipyridine (=bipy) have been prepared and characterized. Interaction of copper(II) with deprotonated enrofloxacin leads to the formation of the neutral complex(More)
The neutral mononuclear copper complex with the quinolone antibacterial drug N-propyl-protected norfloxacin, Hpr-norfloxacin, in the presence of the nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligand 2,2'-bipyridine has been prepared and characterized. The crystal structure of (chloro)(2,2'-bipyridine)(pr-norfloxacinato)copper(II), 1, has been determined and refined with(More)
The interaction of [Ru(NH3)5Cl]2+ and [Ru(NH3)6]3+ complex ions with calf thymus DNA has been studied at various r values (r = [Mn+]/[DNA-P]). Electronic spectra of metal-DNA solutions have been recorded and compared to the spectra of metal, as well as of DNA, solutions. Melting curves have been taken for the determination of DNA melting temperature (Tm) in(More)
The interaction of Rh2(II)(acetate)4, cis-[Rh(III)(en)2Cl2] Cl (en = ethylenediamine) and [Rh(III) (NH3)5Cl]Cl2 with calf thymus DNA has been studied at various r values [formula; see text] and interaction times. Electronic spectra, melting and cooling curves and sedimentation data indicate no interaction of the acetate complex with DNA, except in the case(More)