Nikos E. Tsopanoglou

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Many of the cellular actions of thrombin may contribute to the angiogenesis-promoting effect of thrombin reported previously. In this study, we investigated the interaction between thrombin and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the specific endothelial cell mitogen and key angiogenic factor. Exposure of human umbilical vein endothelial cells to(More)
Thrombin has been reported to play a pivotal role in the initiation of angiogenesis by indirectly regulating and organizing a network of angiogenic molecules. In addition, it has been proposed that thrombin can directly activate endothelial cell proliferation. However, in this report it was shown that thrombin is a poor growth factor for human endothelial(More)
Clinical, laboratory, histopathological, and pharmacological evidence support the notion that the coagulation system, which is activated in most cancer patients, plays an important role in tumor biology. Our laboratory has provided evidence that thrombin activates angiogenesis, a process which is essential in tumor growth and metastasis. This event is(More)
In a previous report we have presented evidence that thrombin interacts with alpha(v)beta(3) integrin in endothelial cells at the molecular and cellular level. This interaction was shown to be of functional significance in vitro and in vivo and contributed to activation of angiogenesis by thrombin. In the present study, we have used a synthetic thrombin(More)
The role of thrombin in angiogenesis was investigated in the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) system. alpha-Thrombin promoted angiogenesis in a dose-dependent fashion and at 8.4 pmol/disk reached a maximum of 78% above the control. At a higher dose of alpha-thrombin (25 pmol/disk) the angiogenic effect declines and this can be explained by(More)
Angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels from preexisting ones, is a necessary component of embryogenesis, wound healing, and the proliferative phase of the female reproductive cycle. Angiogenesis also plays a critical role in important pathologic processes such as cancer and cardiovascular complications. In addition, clinical, laboratory, and(More)
BACKGROUND Compared with angiogenesis, arteriogenesis is a distinct process based on the remodeling and maturation of pre-existing arterioles into large conductance arteries. Therapeutic angiogenesis has been proposed as a potential treatment for ischemic atherosclerotic diseases. Since a variety of angiogenic factors have been tested with inconsistent so(More)
The role of cAMP-mediated pathway in modulating angiogenesis was investigated. We have shown previously that activators of protein kinase C (PKC) caused a marked increase in angiogenesis, while the specific inhibitor of PKC, Ro 318220 suppressed angiogenesis. Here we show that forskolin, which activates adenylate cyclase and elevates the intracellular(More)
The proteolytic activation by thrombin of the proteinase-activated receptor 1 unveils the tethered peptide ligand and cleaves a 41-amino acid peptide. In this report, we show that this peptide, which we have designated as "parstatin," is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis. Synthesized parstatin suppressed both the basic angiogenesis and that stimulated by(More)
Promotion of tumour progression by thrombin is suggested by several clinical and laboratory observations. A plausible explanation for this effect of thrombin may be related to our previous findings that thrombin is a potent promoter of angiogenesis in the chick chorioallantoic membrane system (CAM) and in the Matrigel system in vivo. In this report we(More)