Learn More
OBJECTIVES There are numerous indications that genetic factors play an important role in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis, a common condition characterized by reduced bone mass and increased fracture risk. The vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene has been suggested as a possible candidate gene for the regulation of bone mass but the relationship between VDR(More)
Reduced bone mass occurring with increased frequency in diabetes mellitus has been attributed to poor blood glucose control but the pathogenetic mechanisms remain unknown. To evaluate the role of calcium metabolism, 59 patients with diabetes and normal renal function (22 Type 1, 37 Type 2) were studied. In all patients plasma calcium (Ca), serum phosphate(More)
Subclinical hypercortisolism (SH) is a newly characterized hormonal disorder that is almost exclusively detected in the context of incidentally discovered adrenal masses. The diagnostic criteria used for the definition of this condition are at present controversial. Amongst the various tests used for the detection of this abnormality (dexamethasone(More)
Radiotherapy (RT) has long been used in the treatment of acromegaly, but confusion regarding the definition of biochemical cure has hampered interpretation of previous reports on the outcome of this treatment. In the present study we present additional data using the currently accepted criteria of biochemical cure in a large group of patients followed up by(More)
BACKGROUND Although insulin resistance in thyroid hormone excess is well documented, information on insulin action in hypothyroidism is limited. METHODS To investigate this, a meal was given to 11 hypothyroid (HO; aged 45 +/- 3 yr) and 10 euthyroid subjects (EU; aged 42 +/- 4 yr). Blood was withdrawn for 360 min from veins (V) draining the anterior(More)
Aberrant gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) receptor expression in bilaterally hyperplastic adrenals or unilateral adrenal adenomas is a rare form of adrenal hyperfunction. So far, only few cases have been described. In all these cases, cortisol was the predominant steroid released in a food-dependent manner, leading to the development of(More)
OBJECTIVE Subclinical hypercortisolism (SH) is detected increasingly in a substantial proportion of patients with incidentally discovered adrenal adenomas. The clinical implications of SH are currently unclear. Osteoporosis is a well-known complication of glucocorticoid excess. So far, the impact of SH on bone mineral density (BMD) has been studied in a(More)
OBJECTIVE Cushing's syndrome (CS) is a well recognized cause of bone loss. Although many previous studies have shown decreased bone mineral density (BMD) in the lumbar spina and proximal femur of patients with endogenous CS, so far, the data estimating BMD in their peripheral skeleton are sparse. The aim of the present study was to evaluate BMD in the(More)
The role of desmopressin, alone or in combination with CRH, in the differential diagnosis between Cushing's disease (CD) and ectopic ACTH secretion (EAS) still remains uncertain. Based on existing data, the desmopressin test is regarded as an alternative to the CRH stimulation test and, when given in combination with CRH, it has been suggested to completely(More)
OBJECTIVE With the development of new long-acting depot preparations of bromocriptine (bromocriptine LAR), we investigated the effectiveness of intramuscular injections of long-acting bromocriptine in patients with prolactin and GH secreting macroadenomas. STUDY DESIGN AND PATIENTS Fourteen patients with PRL secreting (8 patients) and GH secreting (6(More)