Nikos Andreakis

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We applied independent species concepts to clarify the phylogeographic structure of the ascidian Ciona intestinalis, a powerful model system in chordate biology and for comparative genomic studies. Intensive research with this marine invertebrate is based on the assumption that natural populations globally belong to a single species. Therefore,(More)
The incredible range of morphological plasticity present in scleractinian corals has confused the taxonomy of the group, prompting the introduction of “ecomorphs” to explain the observed correlation between local environmental conditions and phenotypic variation. Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) represents one of the best known examples of(More)
Surprisingly little is known of the toxic arsenal of cnidarian nematocysts compared to other venomous animals. Here we investigate the toxins of nematocysts isolated from the jellyfish Olindias sambaquiensis. A total of 29 unique ms/ms events were annotated as potential toxins homologous to the toxic proteins from diverse animal phyla, including(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is essential to many physiological functions and operates in several signaling pathways. It is not understood how and when the different isoforms of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), the enzyme responsible for NO production, evolved in metazoans. This study investigates the number and structure of metazoan NOS enzymes by genome data mining and(More)
The red alga, Asparagopsis taxiformis, has recently expanded its distribution range into the Western Mediterranean Sea, and populations have now even been found on the Portuguese South coast. All Western Mediterranean populations belong to a single mitochondrial cryptic lineage (referred to as lineage 2 in earlier studies) and probably result from a recent(More)
Maskrays of the genus Neotrygon (Dasyatidae) have dispersed widely in the Indo-West Pacific being represented largely by an assemblage of narrow-ranging coastal endemics. Phylogenetic reconstruction methods reproduced nearly identical and statistically robust topologies supporting the monophyly of the genus Neotrygon within the family Dasyatidae, the genus(More)
We report an accurate multiplex reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) assay, capable of reproducing gene expression profiles from 16 target genes [12 genes of interest (GOIs) and four reference genes (RGs)] in Acropora millepora, a common reef-building model coral species. The 12 GOIs have known or putative roles in the(More)
Marine fungi are an understudied group of eukaryotic microorganisms characterized by unresolved genealogies and unstable classification. Whereas DNA barcoding via the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) provides a robust and rapid tool for fungal species delineation, accurate classification of fungi is often arduous given the large number of(More)
Eight polymorphic nuclear microsatellite loci were identified from the invasive Indo-Pacific Mediterranean strain of Asparagopsis taxiformis. Microsatellite markers were tested against a panel of specimens collected along the Italian (Elba, Naples) and Californian (Catalina Island) coasts, all belonging to the same mitochondrial lineage. In addition, we(More)
Biofilms of the bacterium Pseudoalteromonas induce metamorphosis of acroporid coral larvae. The bacterial metabolite tetrabromopyrrole (TBP), isolated from an extract of Pseudoalteromonas sp. associated with the crustose coralline alga (CCA) Neogoniolithon fosliei, induced coral larval metamorphosis (100%) with little or no attachment (0-2%). To better(More)