Nikos A. Salingaros

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Human artifacts, ranging from small objects all the way up to large buildings and cities, display a variety and range of subdivisions. Repeating stnictural and design elements of the same size will define a particular scale. Most pleasing designs obey an inverse power-law distribution: the product of the relative multiplicity p of a substructure with an(More)
This paper identifies fundamental processes behind urban design. Rules are derived from connective principles in complexity theory, pattern recognition, and artificial intelligence. Any urban setting can be decomposed into human activity nodes and their interconnections. The connections are then treated as a mathematical problem (here in a qualitative(More)
A controversy remains among planners and urban designers about the proper location of the non-residential core (nucleus) of a neighborhood in relation to thoroughfares. One school of thought suggests that the nucleus should be located along the busiest thoroughfares; a second school holds that it must be some distance away from them – which, because of(More)
Visual images are immediately understandable or not, based on the ease with which their message can be processed by our minds. This depends on both content (information) and relationships (organization). Among the operations leading to cognition, our perceptive mechanism identifies coherent units, notices a number of repeated occurrences , and measures the(More)
A new way of understanding the growth of urban form leads to practical suggestions for reconstructing a more sustainable suburbia. Combining theoretical results with pragmatic experience — and combining " top-down " controls with " bottom-up " processes — we offer guidelines for implementing small-scale changes that eventually lead to large-scale(More)