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This review considers the mechanisms and factors that stimulate transcription of genes regulated by the antioxidant responsive element (ARE). The latter is important for cell defense under conditions of oxidative stress and also for detoxification of electrophilic xenobiotics. There are differences in regulation of intracellular homeostasis involving(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the role of free-radical and oxidative stress signaling in granuloma maturation and resolution. We aimed to study the activity of free-radical oxidation processes in the dynamics of BCG-induced generalized granulomatosis in mice. METHODS Chronic granulomatous inflammation was induced in male BALB/c mice by intravenously(More)
Nrf2 regulates expression of genes containing antioxidant-respons(iv)e element (ARE) in their promoters and plays a pivotal role among all redox-sensitive transcription factors. Nrf2 is constitutively controlled by repressor protein Keap1, which acts as a molecular sensor of disturbances in cellular homeostasis. These molecular patterns are in close(More)
The redox-sensitive signaling system Keap1/Nrf2/ARE plays a key role in maintenance of cellular homeostasis under stress, inflammatory, carcinogenic, and proapoptotic conditions, which allows us to consider it as a pharmacological target. Here we review the basic regulatory mechanisms of the Keap1/Nrf2/ARE system, key targets for pharmacological(More)
The Nrf2 transcription factor plays a key role in cell defense against oxidative stress, as well as in counteracting the chemical and physical factors that induce apoptosis and carcinogenesis. The review considers the mechanism of the Nrf2/ARE redox regulation and ARE-mediated gene expression. Special attention is paid to the anti-inflammatory effects of th(More)
Chemiluminescence assay showed that oxygen reduction and production of superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide by liver mitochondria in OXYS rats highly sensitive to oxidative stress were less intensive than in Wistar rats. Experiments with cytochrome c oxidase inhibitors showed that decreased O2 - generation in mitochondria of OXYS rats is probably(More)
This review deals with the physical and chemical properties of nitric oxide as well as with the mechanisms and enzymes synthesizing this compound in animals including humans. The cytotoxic, vasodilatory, neuromediatory, and other properties of NO are analyzed. Polyfunctionality of NO in the norm and in pathologies of different genesis is shown. It is(More)
The effect of hydrophilic synthetic antioxidant TC-13 (3-(3’-tert-butyl-4’-hydroxyphenyl) propylthiosulfonate sodium) inducing the antioxidant-responsive element on the lifespan of Drosophila melanogaster was studied. Addition of 1% TC-13 to diets prolonged the lifespan of long-lived D. melanogaster Canton S strain females and males, but not of short-lived(More)
We synthesized a series of structurally related water-soluble alkyl phenols — sodium 4-hydroxyphenyl propyl sulfonates and thiosulfonates with different number of tert-butyl groups at the ortho-position. In experimental systems of transient metal-induced ethyl oleate and low-density lipoprotein oxidation the antioxidant activity of the compounds increased(More)
Many plant phenols (stilbenes, curcumins, catechins, flavonoids, etc.) are effective antioxidants and protect cells during oxidative stress. Extensive clinical studies on the potential of phenolic compounds for treatment of cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, oncological, and inflammatory diseases are now being conducted. In addition to direct antioxidant(More)