Nikolay Youhnovski

Learn More
The cytotoxic T cell response to pathogens is usually directed against a few immunodominant epitopes, while other potential epitopes are either subdominant or not used at all. In C57BL/6 mice, the acute cytotoxic T cell response against lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus is directed against immunodominant epitopes derived from the glycoprotein (gp33-41) and(More)
We present the state-of-the-art in miniaturized sample preparation, immunoassays, one-dimensional and multidimensional analyte separations, and coupling of microdevices with electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry. Hyphenation of these different techniques and their relevance to proteomics will be discussed. In particular, we will show that analytical(More)
Nitration of tyrosine residues has been observed during various acute and chronic inflammatory diseases. However, the mechanism of tyrosine nitration and the nature of the proteins that become tyrosine nitrated during inflammation remain unclear. Here we show that eosinophils but not other cell types including neutrophils contain nitrotyrosine-positive(More)
Treatment of bovine aortic microsomes containing active prostacyclin synthase (PGI(2) synthase) with increasing concentrations of peroxynitrite (PN) up to 250 microm of PN yielded specific staining of this enzyme on Western blots with antibodies against 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT), whereas above 500 microm PN staining of additional proteins was also observed.(More)
Nitration of tyrosine residues in proteins may occur in cells upon oxidative stress and inflammation processes mediated through generation of reactive nitroxyl from peroxynitrite. Tyrosine nitration from oxidative pathways may generate cytotoxic species that cause protein dysfunction and pathogenesis. A number of protein nitrations in vivo have been(More)
Cryoglobulins are cold-precipitable serum immunoglobulins associated with a number of infectious, autoimmune and neoplastic disorders such as hepatitis C, Waldenström's macroglobulinemia, multiple myeloma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and rheumatoid arthritis. The mechanism(s) of cryoprecipitation has remained obscure hitherto, which has prompted recent(More)
In the last years, intracellular protein degradation by the proteasome has become a focus area of scientific interest. Here, we describe a proteomics approach for the molecular mapping of the constituents of the proteolytically active core particle, the constitutive 20S proteasome from mouse intestine. In addition to the proteomics workflow widely used for(More)
Protein charge-state distributions (CSDs) in electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) represent a sensitive tool to probe different conformational states. We describe here the effect of trifluoroethanol (TFE) on cytochrome c equilibrium unfolding at different pH by nano-ESI-MS. While even low concentrations of TFE destabilize the protein native(More)
Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has become the method of choice for the analysis of complex peptide mixtures. It combines the separation power of nanoflow LC with highly specific sequence analysis, allowing automated peptide sequencing with high resolution and throughput. For peptide fragmentation, the current experimental setup(More)