Nikolay B. Poliansky

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Kinetics of thermal aggregation of yeast alcohol dehydrogenase I (yADH) have been studied using dynamic light scattering at a fixed temperature (56 degrees C) and under the conditions where the temperature was elevated at a constant rate (1 K/min). The initial parts of the dependences of the hydrodynamic radius on time (or temperature) follow the(More)
The damaging effect of UV radiation (lambda > 260 nm) on bovine alpha-crystallin in solution was studied by small-angle X-ray scattering, gel permeation chromatography, electrophoresis, absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry. The results obtained show that damage to even a large number of subunits within an(More)
The methodology for quantification of the anti-aggregation activity of protein and chemical chaperones has been elaborated. The applicability of this methodology was demonstrated using a test-system based on dithiothreitol-induced aggregation of bovine serum albumin at 45°C as an example. Methods for calculating the initial rate of bovine serum albumin(More)
An aggregation test system based on the aggregation of UV-irradiated glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) from rabbit skeletal muscle has been proposed. On the basis of the measurements of the enzyme activity and differential scanning calorimetry data a conclusion has been made that UV radiation results in formation of damaged protein molecules(More)
It was shown that the rate of reconstruction of muscle glycogen phosphorylase b (Phb) from apoenzyme and pyridoxal 5'-phosphate decreased under crowding conditions. The effect of crowding was counteracted by chaperones (α-crystallin and proline). Sedimentation analysis shows that crowding stimulates the formation of high-molecular-weight associates at 25(More)
Thermal denaturation and aggregation of UV-irradiated β(L)-crystallin from eye lenses of steers have been studied. The data on size-exclusion chromatography and SDS-PAGE indicated that UV irradiation of β(L)-crystallin at 10 °С resulted in fragmentation of the protein molecule and formation of cross-linked aggregates. Fluorescence data showed that(More)
The effect of crowding on the chaperone-like activity of α-crystallin has been studied using aggregation of UV-irradiated glycogen phosphorylase b (Phb) from rabbit skeletal muscle as an aggregation test system. The merit of this test system is the possibility of testing agents that directly affect the stage of aggregation of the protein molecules. It was(More)
The effect of protein and chemical chaperones and crowders on thermal stability and aggregation of apoform of rabbit muscle glycogen phosphorylase b (apoPhb) has been studied at 37°C. Proline suppressed heat-induced loss in ability of apoPhb to reconstitution at 37°C, whereas α-crystallin did not reveal a protective action. To compare the antiaggregation(More)
Thermal aggregation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) has been studied using dynamic light scattering, asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation and analytical ultracentrifugation. The studies were carried out at fixed temperatures (60°C, 65°C, 70°C and 80°C) in 0.1 M phosphate buffer, pH 7.0, at BSA concentration of 1 mg/ml. Thermal denaturation of the protein(More)
The structure of the oligomeric protein α-crystallin from bovine eye lens was investigated by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) with contrast variation. Based on the SANS curves, the match point for α-crystallin (43% D2O) and its average scattering length density at this point (2.4•1010 cm-2) were evaluated. The radius of gyration and the distance(More)