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A novel anaerobic, thermophilic, CO-utilizing bacterium, strain 41(T), was isolated from a terrestrial hot vent on the Kamchatka Peninsula. Strain 41(T) was found to be a Gram-positive bacterium, its cells being short, straight, motile rods. Chains of three to five cells were often observed. The isolate grew only chemolithoautotrophically on CO, producing(More)
An extremely thermophilic, strictly anaerobic, facultatively chemolithoautotrophic bacterium designated strain DS(T) was isolated from Treshchinnyi Spring, one of the hottest springs of the Uzon Caldera (Kamchatka, Russia). Cells of the novel organism were Gram-negative rods, about 1.0-1.2 microm long and 0.5 microm wide. The temperature range for growth(More)
A new anaerobic, thermophilic, CO-utilizing marine bacterium, strain JMT, was isolated from a submarine hot vent in Okinawa Trough. Cells of strain JMT were non-motile thin straight rods, sometimes branching, with a cell wall of the Gram-positive type, surrounded with an S-layer. Chains of three to five cells were often observed. The isolate grew(More)
New thermoacidophilic organisms that were able to grow anaerobically on starch were isolated from the acidic hot springs of Kamchatka. Strain 1904T, isolated from a hot spring of the Moutnovski volcano, was characterized in detail. Its cells were regular or irregular cocci that were 1-2 microm in diameter, non-motile, and had a cell envelope consisting of(More)
Bourlyashchy is the largest and hottest pool in the Uzon Caldera, located in the territory of Kronotsky Nature Reserve, Kamchatka, Russia, with sediment surface temperatures at the margins ranging from 86 to 97 °C, and pH from 6.0 to 7.0. The microbial communities of the pool water and sediments were studied comprehensively from 2005 to 2014. Radioisotopic(More)
A thermophilic, anaerobic, spore-forming, dissimilatory Fe(III)-reducing bacterium, designated strain SR4T, was isolated from sediment of newly formed hydrothermal vents in the area of the eruption of Karymsky volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula. Cells of strain SR4T were straight-to-curved, peritrichous rods, 0.4-0.6 micron in diameter and 3.5-9.0 microns(More)
Two extremely thermophilic archaea, designated W-12 and P-4, were isolated from a geothermal vent in the tidal zone of Whale Island, New Zealand, and from geothermally heated bottom deposits of the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand, respectively. Cells of isolate W-12 are irregular cocci, 0.3-1.2 microns in diameter, motile with polar flagella. The cell envelope(More)
A thermophilic, anaerobic, chemolithoautotrophic bacterium (designated strain SL50(T)) was isolated from a hydrothermal sample collected at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge from the deepest of the known World ocean hydrothermal fields, Ashadze field (1 degrees 58' 21'' N 4 degrees 51' 47'' W) at a depth of 4100 m. Cells of strain SL50(T) were motile, straight to bent(More)
Anaerobic organotrophic hyperthermophilic Archaea were isolated from five of eight samples from oil wells of the Samotlor oil reservoir (depth, 1,799-2,287 m; temperature, 60 degrees-84 degrees C). Three strains were isolated in pure cultures and characterized phylogenetically on the basis of comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequences. All strains belonged(More)
Thermal habitats harbor specialized communities of thermophilic microorganisms, primarily prokaryotes. This review considers modern systematics of prokaryotes and the place of thermophilic archaea and bacteria in it. Among the existing hierarchical classifications of prokaryotes, the bulk of attention is given to the one accepted in the current second(More)