Nikolaus Stiefl

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Machine-learning methods can be used for virtual screening by analysing the structural characteristics of molecules of known (in)activity, and we here discuss the use of kernel discrimination and naive Bayesian classifier (NBC) methods for this purpose. We report a kernel method that allows the processing of molecules represented by binary, integer and(More)
An extended reduced graph approach (ErG) is presented that uses pharmacophore-type node descriptions to encode the relevant molecular properties. The basic idea of the method can be described as a hybrid approach of reduced graphs (Gillet et al. J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci. 2003, 43, 338-345) and binding property pairs (Kearsley et al. J. Chem. Inf. Comput.(More)
Variable selection is applied frequently in QSAR research. Since the selection process influences the characteristics of the finally chosen model, thorough validation of the selection technique is very important. Here, a validation protocol is presented briefly and two of the tools which are part of this protocol are introduced in more detail. The first(More)
A novel molecular descriptor called MaP (mapping property distributions of molecular surfaces) is presented. It combines facile computation, translational and rotational invariance, and straightforward interpretability of the computed models. A three-step procedure is used to compute the MaP descriptor. First, an approximation to the molecular surface with(More)
A general purpose force field such as MMFF94/MMFF94s, which can properly deal with a wide range of diverse structures, is very valuable in the context of a cheminformatics toolkit. Herein we present an open-source implementation of this force field within the RDKit. The new MMFF functionality can be accessed through a C++/C#/Python/Java application(More)
For three target proteins with different binding pocket characteristics (size and shape, hydrophobicity, hydrogen-bonding) a structure-based validation of the translationally and rotationally invariant 3D-QSAR technique MaP is performed (MaP: Mapping Property distributions of molecular surfaces). The structure-based validation procedure comprises two steps:(More)
On the basis of the recently introduced reduced graph concept of ErG (extending reduced graphs), a straightforward weighting approach to include additional (e.g., structural or SAR) knowledge into similarity searching procedures for virtual screening (wErG) is proposed. This simple procedure is exemplified with three data sets, for which interaction(More)
Making sure there's a " give " associated with the " take " : producing and using open-source software in big pharma In contrast to bioinformatics, open-source software is not as widely used in the pharmaceutical industry for molecular modeling and cheminformatics. Typical reasons given for this include problems with code quality, stability, and long-term(More)
Communication of data and ideas within a medicinal chemistry project on a global as well as local level is a crucial aspect in the drug design cycle. Over a time frame of eight years, we built and optimized FOCUS, a platform to produce, visualize, and share information on various aspects of a drug discovery project such as cheminformatics, data analysis,(More)
When analyzing chemical reactions it is essential to know which molecules are actively involved in the reaction and which educts will form the product molecules. Assigning reaction roles, like reactant, reagent, or product, to the molecules of a chemical reaction might be a trivial problem for hand-curated reaction schemes but it is more difficult to(More)