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Marek's disease virus (MDV) is an oncogenic herpesvirus that causes various clinical syndromes in its natural host, the chicken. MDV has long been of interest as a model organism, particularly with respect to the pathogenesis and immune control of virus-induced lymphoma in an easily accessible small-animal system. Recent advances in MDV genetics and the(More)
Red recombination using PCR-amplified selectable markers is a well-established technique for mutagenesis of large DNA molecules in Escherichia coli. The system has limited efficacy and versatility, however, for markerless modifications including point mutations, deletions, and particularly insertions of longer sequences. Here we describe a procedure that(More)
A 2.6-kbp fragment of the pseudorabies virus (PrV) genome was sequenced and shown to contain the homologues of the highly conserved herpesvirus genes UL31 and UL32. By use of a monospecific antiserum, the UL31 gene product was identified as a nuclear protein with an apparent molecular mass of 29 kDa. For functional analysis, UL31 was deleted by mutagenesis(More)
Bacterial artificial chromosomes are used to maintain and modify large sequences of different origins in Escherichia coli. In addition to RecA-based shuttle mutagenesis, Red recombination is commonly used for sequence modification. Since foreign sequences, such as antibiotic resistance genes as well as frt- or loxP-sites are often unwanted in mutant BAC(More)
Infection with equid herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) leads to respiratory disease, abortion, and neurologic disorders in horses. Molecular epidemiology studies have demonstrated that a single nucleotide polymorphism resulting in an amino acid variation of the EHV-1 DNA polymerase (N752/D752) is significantly associated with the neuropathogenic potential of(More)
In order to facilitate the generation of mutant viruses of varicella-zoster virus (VZV), the agent causing varicella (chicken pox) and herpes zoster (shingles), we generated a full-length infectious bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clone of the P-Oka strain. First, mini-F sequences were inserted into a preexisting VZV cosmid, and the SuperCos replicon(More)
Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein complex consisting of two essential core components: a reverse transcriptase and an RNA subunit (telomerase RNA [TR]). Dysregulation of telomerase has been associated with cell immortalization and oncogenesis. Marek's disease herpesvirus (MDV) induces a malignant T cell lymphoma in chickens and harbors in its genome two(More)
Some herpesviruses, particularly lymphotropic viruses such as Marek's disease virus (MDV) and human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), integrate their DNA into host chromosomes. MDV and HHV-6, among other herpesviruses, harbor telomeric repeats (TMRs) identical to host telomeres at either end of their linear genomes. Using MDV as a natural virus-host model, we show(More)
The patterns and dynamics of evolution in acutely infecting viruses within individual hosts are largely unknown. To this end, we investigated the intrahost variation of canine influenza virus (CIV) during the course of experimental infections in naïve and partially immune dogs and in naturally infected dogs. Tracing sequence diversity in the gene encoding(More)
Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) and telomerase RNA (TR) represent the enzymatically active components of telomerase. In the complex, TR provides the template for the addition of telomeric repeats to telomeres, a protective structure at the end of linear chromosomes. Human TR with a mutation in the template region has been previously shown to inhibit(More)