Nikolaus Johannes Wachter

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PURPOSE To determine whether the grip of a healthy subject's hand shows certain universal characteristics. To accomplish this, we examined the complex interactions of the fingers during gripping of different-size cylindrical objects. METHODS A total of 48 subjects (11 women, 37 men) performed 5 cylinder grips with different object sizes. The 14 joint(More)
Joint angles are measured using goniometers according to the neutral-zero method. These measurements are dependent on the examiner and are thus subject to great variation. With a newly developed sensor glove, the grip patterns of the hand can be captured with a computer-assisted technique. In a comparative study involving five subjects, the joint angles(More)
The purpose of this study was to analyse motion patterns of the finger joints dynamically while making a fist. 10 subjects were examined using the TUB-sensor glove, which was equipped with 14 joint angle sensors. The median time it takes the finger joints to complete flexion until reaching the state of a closed fist ranges between 0.5 to 1.0 s. A specific(More)
This study examined patterns of grip strength when maximal and submaximal effort are applied. Using a sensor glove, 50 healthy subjects performed two different power grips. Both maximal and submaximal gripping showed characteristic patterns of strength distribution that were independent of the degree of power applied. Significant differences were also noted(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral lesions of the median nerve cause characteristic changes of the grip function of the hand. For evaluating grip force changes, measurement by dynamometers (JAMAR dynamometer and pinch dynamometer) is of high relevance. In this study the ability of grip force measurements of different grip forms was evaluated to discriminate between a(More)
In the assessment of hand and upper limb function, detecting sincerity of effort (SOE) for grip strength is of major importance to identifying feigned loss of strength. Measuring maximal grip strength with a dynamometer is very common, often combined with calculating the coefficient of variation (CV), a measure of the variation over the three grip strength(More)
BACKGROUND Wrist fusion is still a common treatment for patients with advanced stage arthritis. Since patients are often intimidated by the functional limitations, we intended to evaluate the influence of the lack of wrist motion in different positions on the dynamic grip function and the grip strength of the hand. METHODS We simulated wrist fusion in 20°(More)
INTRODUCTION In the assessment of hand and upper limb function, grip strength is of major importance. Use of the JAMAR dynamometer has been an accepted test of grip strength and routinely part of the physical examination. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The aim of this study was to determine by means of a median nerve block simulating a patient group if the(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess whether there is a universal pattern of movement of the finger joints while performing a cylinder grip. A sensor glove was used to record the finger joint motion of 48 participants. Our observations showed that when examining the fingers, flexion motion began either at the metacarpophalangeal (MP) or proximal(More)
The present study analyses force distribution patterns during primary grips. 10 subjects were examined using the TUB-sensor glove, which was equipped with 10 pressure sensors. 5 proximal sensors at the MCP joints and 5 distal sensors at the DIP joints were attached palmarly. 9 different gripping motions were examined: the cylinder grip using 4 different(More)