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Thyroid hormone (TH) is essential for the development of hearing. Lack of TH in a critical developmental period from embryonic day 17 to postnatal day 12 (P12) in rats and mice leads to morphological and functional deficits in the organ of Corti and the auditory pathway. We investigated the effects of TH on inner hair cells (IHCs) using patch-clamp(More)
The molecular basis of high versus low frequency hearing loss and the differences in the sensitivity of outer hair cells depending on their cochlear localization are currently not understood. Here we demonstrate the existence of two different outer hair cell phenotypes along the cochlear axis. Outer hair cells in low frequency regions exhibit early(More)
Mutations within OTOF encoding otoferlin lead to a recessive disorder called DFNB9. Several studies have indicated otoferlin's association with ribbon synapses of cochlear sensory hair cells, as well as data showing the protein's presence in neurons, nerve fibers and hair cells, suggesting a more ubiquitous function. Otoferlin's co-localization not only(More)
DFNB, the nonsyndromic hearing loss with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance constitutes the majority of severe to profound prelingual forms of hearing impairment, usually leading to inability of speech acquisition. We analyzed a consanguineous family with autosomal recessive deafness which has been shown to segregate within chromosomal region 2p23.1(More)
Mutations of the human otoferlin gene lead to an autosomal recessive nonsyndromic form of prelingual, sensorineural deafness (deafness autosomal recessive 9, DFNB9). Several studies have demonstrated expression of otoferlin in the inner ear and brain, and suggested a role of otoferlin in Ca(2+)-triggered exocytosis. So far, otoferlin expression profiles(More)
The encoding of auditory information with indefatigable precision requires efficient resupply of vesicles at inner hair cell (IHC) ribbon synapses. Otoferlin, a transmembrane protein responsible for deafness in DFNB9 families, has been postulated to act as a calcium sensor for exocytosis as well as to be involved in rapid vesicle replenishment of IHCs.(More)
Otoferlin has been proposed to be the Ca(2+) sensor in hair cell exocytosis, compensating for the classical synaptic fusion proteins synaptotagmin-1 and synaptotagmin-2. In the present study, yeast two-hybrid assays reveal myosin VI as a novel otoferlin binding partner. Co-immunoprecipitation assay and co-expression suggest an interaction of both proteins(More)
Each G protein-coupled receptor recognizes only a distinct subset of the many structurally closely related G proteins expressed within a cell. How this selectively is achieved at a molecular level is not well understood, particularly since no specific point-to-point contact sites between a receptor and its cognate G protein(s) have been identified. In this(More)
Different muscarinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes were used as model systems to study the structural basis of receptor/G protein coupling selectivity. Extensive mutagenesis studies have previously led to the identification of single amino acids on the m3 muscarinic receptor protein (located in the second intracellular loop (i2) and at the N- and(More)