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BACKGROUND CONTEXT Neuropathic (Charcot) spinal arthropathy (CSA) is a rare but progressive and severe degenerative disease that develops in the absence of deep sensation, for example, after spinal cord injury. The diagnosis of CSA is often delayed as a result of the late onset or slow progression of the disease and the nonspecific nature of the reported(More)
BACKGROUND MMP28 (epilysin) is a recently discovered member of the MMP (matrix metalloproteinase) family that is, amongst others, expressed in osteoarthritic cartilage and intervertebral disc (IVD) tissue. In this study the hypothesis that increased expression of MMP28 correlates with higher grades of degeneration and is stimulated by the presence of(More)
Vertebral cement augmentation is reported to be a safe and effective technique for providing stabilization and pain relief. However, adjacent intervertebral discs may be at risk of accelerated degeneration as a result of aggravated nutritional constraints. Therefore, we investigated the effects of injecting polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) into three adjacent(More)
Research efforts aim at enhancing early osseointegration of cementless implants to improve early fixation and, thus, reduce the risk of loosening. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) 2 had a positive effect on the osseointegration of hydroxyapatite-coated implants. Hydroxyapatite (HA) implants (perforated(More)
Concerns have been raised that the use of calcium phosphate (CaP) cements for the augmentation of fractured, osteoporotic bones may aggravate cardiovascular deterioration in the event of pulmonary cement embolism by stimulating coagulation. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate the cardiovascular changes after pulmonary embolism of CaP(More)
A total of 134 low-contact-stress (LCS) total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) with mobile meniscal bearings were implanted in 121 patients with a mean age of 74 years (range, 49-91 years) at the time of surgery. The radiographic results obtained from 91 prostheses at an average follow-up of 7.5 years (range, 4.8-9.6 years) showed that radiolucent lines (RLL)(More)
STUDY DESIGN An experimental study of cardiovascular complications that arise during vertebroplasty was conducted. OBJECTIVE To investigate the sequential occurrence of fat embolism and hypotension during vertebroplasty. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Vertebroplasty, the augmentation of vertebrae with polymethylmethacrylate, is a technique for treating(More)
For the last 15 years, orthopedic implants have been coated with hydroxyapatite (HA) to improve implant fixation. The osteoconductive effect of HA coatings has been demonstrated in experimental and clinical studies. However, there are ongoing developments to improve the quality of HA coatings. The objective of this study was to investigate whether a rough(More)
BACKGROUND Low back pain (LBP) is by far the most prevalent and costly musculoskeletal problem in our society today. Following the recommendations of the Multinational Musculoskeletal Inception Cohort Study (MMICS) Statement, our study aims to define outcome assessment tools for patients with acute LBP and the time point at which chronic LBP becomes(More)
We carried out a histological study of a proximally hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated femoral component, retrieved after 9.5 years of good function. The HA coating had completely degraded. Bone was in direct contact with the titanium surface in all the areas which had been coated, with no interposing fibrous tissue. There were no signs of particles, third-body(More)