Nikolaos Tezapsidis

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The Abeta peptide of Alzheimer disease is derived from the proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor proteins (APP), which are considered type I transmembrane glycoproteins. Recently, however, soluble forms of full-length APP were also detected in several systems including chromaffin granules. In this report we used antisera specific for the(More)
Peptide hormones and neurotransmitters constitute a large class of neurohumoral agents that mediate cell-cell communication in neuroendocrine systems. Their biosynthesis requires proteolytic processing of inactive protein precursors into active neuropeptides. Elucidation of the proteolytic components required for prohormone processing is important for(More)
We previously demonstrated the presence of a soluble form of full-length Alzheimer's amyloid precursor protein (APP) in the lumen of adrenal medullary chromaffin granules (CG). Furthermore, full-length APP is released from CG membranes in vitro at pH 9.0 by an enzymatic mechanism, sensitive to protease inhibitors [Vassilacopoulou et al. (1995) J. Neurochem.(More)
Many individuals with familial Alzheimer disease (FAD) have mutations in a gene termed S182 or presenilin I (PS-I). Currently, the PS-I gene product has not been identified and its function remains unknown. Here we report that affinity purified antibodies against the predicted amino acid sequence of the PS-I gene product detected in homogenates of human,(More)
The majority of familial Alzheimer's disease (AD) cases are linked to mutations on presenilin 1 and 2 genes (PS1 and PS2). The normal function of the proteins and the mechanisms underlying early-onset AD are currently unknown. To address this, we screened an expression library for proteins that bind differentially to the wild-type PS1 and mutant in the(More)
The carboxy-terminal ends of the 40- and 42-amino acids amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) may be generated by the action of at least two different proteases termed gamma(40)- and gamma(42)-secretase, respectively. To examine the cleavage specificity of the two proteases, we treated amyloid precursor protein (APP)-transfected cell cultures with several dipeptidyl(More)
The amyloid beta peptide (A beta) of Alzheimer disease is derived from the proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor proteins (APPs), which are considered type I transmembrane proteins. Here we report that the soluble fraction of isolated adrenal medullary chromaffin granules (CG), a model neuronal secretory vesicle system, contains an antigen that(More)
Recent studies have suggested that missense mutations in the presenilin-1 gene are causally related to the majority of familial early-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). To examine the possible involvement of presenilin-1 in late-onset sporadic AD, a quantitative analysis of its distribution in the cerebral cortex of nondemented and AD patients was performed(More)
Proenkephalin and other prohormones require proteolytic processing at paired basic and monobasic residues for the biosynthesis of active neuropeptides. The novel "prohormone thiol protease" (PTP) has been proposed as a candidate proenkephalin processing enzyme for the production of [Met]enkephalin in chromaffin granules (Krieger, T. J., and Hook, V. Y. H.(More)
In our previous study we demonstrated that presenilin 1 (PS1) interacts with cytoplasmic linker protein 170/Restin (CLIP-170/Restin). Herein we show that disruption of the interaction of these proteins within neuronal cell-lines (SY5Y and N2a) can be accomplished by the transfection of vectors that drive the expression of peptide fragments corresponding to(More)