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Food ingestion can influence autonomic nervous system activity. This study compares the effects of 2 different isoenergetic meals on sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity, assessed by heart rate variability (HRV) and plasma norepinephrine (NE) levels, in lean and obese women. Fifteen lean and 15 obese healthy women were examined on 2 occasions: after a(More)
Diabetic patients are at high risk for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) characterized by symptoms of intermittent claudication or critical limb ischaemia. Given the inconsistencies of clinical findings in the diagnosis of PAD in the diabetic patient, measurement of ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI) has emerged as the relatively simple, non-invasive and(More)
AIM To study the prevalence of pathogenic organisms and the prevalence and outcome of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection in foot ulcers in diabetic patients. METHODS A retrospective analysis of wound swabs taken from infected foot ulcers in diabetic patients, selected from an outpatient diabetic foot clinic. Seventy-five patients(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess whether the metabolically healthy obese phenotype is associated with lower heart failure (HF) risk compared with normal-weight individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS). BACKGROUND Obesity and MetS often coexist and are associated with increased HF risk. It is controversial whether obese individuals with(More)
CONTEXT The rate at which people eat has been suggested to be positively associated with obesity, although appetite and related gut hormones have not been measured. The objective of the study was to determine whether eating the same meal at varying speeds elicits different postprandial gut peptide responses. DESIGN AND SETTING This was a crossover study(More)
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM), although a distinct clinical entity, is also a part of the diabetic atherosclerosis process. It may be independent of the coexistence of ischemic heart disease, hypertension, or other macrovascular complications. Its pathological substrate is characterized by the presence of myocardial damage, reactive hypertrophy, and(More)
Over the last years our knowledge on the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease has been enriched by the discovery of new molecules emerging as novel risk factors. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a soluble glycoprotein, member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related superfamily, involved in bone resorption. It was first described as a(More)
OBJECTIVES Dried fruits, like their fresh homologues, contain relatively high concentrations of antioxidants. The aim of this study was to determine the health outcomes of raisin consumption on patients with diabetes. METHODS We examined the effects of dried grapes (Vitis vinifera) cultivated in Greece, namely Corinthian Raisins (CR) on blood pressure,(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies in different clinical settings have established heart rate variability (HRV) as a significant independent risk factor for higher mortality and cardiac death. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of chronic haemodialysis therapy on time- and frequency-domain parameters of HRV in diabetic and non-diabetic patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a common diabetes complication associated with poor prognosis. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine for associations between CAN and metabolic and other parameters in patients with either type 1 (T1DM) or type 2 (T2DM) diabetes. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 600 patients (T1DM, n=200; T2DM, n=400)(More)