Nikolaos Siafakas

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. In the European Union, COPD and asthma, together with pneumonia, are the third most common cause of death. In North America, COPD is the fourth leading cause of death, and mortality rates and prevalence are increasing. The major characteristic of COPD is the presence(More)
Considerable time and effort can be saved by simultaneously amplifying multiple sequences in a single reaction, a process referred to as multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Multiplex PCR requires that primers lead to amplification of unique regions of DNA, both in individual pairs and in combinations of many primers, under a single set of reaction(More)
In this randomised double-blind study, patients >or=40 years old with COPD, a smoking history of >or=10 pack-years, a pre-bronchodilator FEV(1) of <or=60% predicted and an FEV(1)/FVC of <or=70% received tiotropium 5 microg or placebo via Respimat inhaler once daily for 48 weeks. Other medications were permitted except inhaled anticholinergics. Co-primary(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, usually fatal lung disease of unknown etiology. A common feature is the presence of microscopic areas of epithelial cell dropout. Increased apoptosis of these cells could elucidate the speculative pathogenesis of the disease. Therefore, the aim of our study was to examine the expression of(More)
BACKGROUND C-reactive protein (CRP) is recognized as a potential factor implicated in atherogenesis and associated cardiovascular morbidity. The aim of our study was to assess the CRP evolution during 1-year follow-up period in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients under CPAP treatment. METHODS Five hundred and twenty-eight patients with newly diagnosed(More)
BACKGROUND Recent evidence has shown that several chemokines--including those involved in angiogenesis--have been implicated in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and sarcoidosis. We speculated that these differences could be attributed to distinct angiogenic and angiostatic profiles. This hypothesis was investigated by estimating the(More)
Intrapleural administration of fibrinolytics has been shown in small numbers of patients with complicated parapneumonic effusions (CPE) and pleural empyema to be effective and relatively safe. Although streptokinase (SK) is recommended as the fibrinolytic of choice, there are no comparative studies among fibrinolytics. We therefore compared the efficacy,(More)
We aimed to evaluate the predictive value of anthropometric measurements and self-reported symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in a large number of not yet diagnosed or treated patients. Commonly used clinical indices were used to derive a prediction formula that could identify patients at low and high risk for OSAS. Two thousand six hundred(More)
During the past decade important progress has been made regarding the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), which is the most devastating form of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia with a median survival of 3 years. The knowledge gained has been used to design multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled trials in order to investigate agents(More)
OBJECTIVE Unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis (UPAA), a rare congenital anomaly that is frequently associated with other cardiovascular abnormalities, is usually diagnosed in childhood. Most patients who have no associated cardiac anomalies have only minor or absent symptoms and survive into adulthood. The conditions of such patients are frequently(More)