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BACKGROUND Accumulating data support the atheroprotective role of the novel adipokines, apelin and ghrelin. The aim of the present randomized study was to investigate the effects of aerobic exercise training on these adipokines in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). MATERIAL/METHODS Fifty-four overweight (BMI >25 kg/m²) patients with T2DM, but(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of rosiglitazone and/or exercise training on novel cardiovascular risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. One hundred overweight/obese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, with inadequate glycemic control (hemoglobin A(1c) >7%) despite combined treatment with gliclazide plus metformin, were(More)
AIM This study assessed the impact of regular exercise on inflammatory markers (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hsCRP], fibrinogen), and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs), in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PATIENTS Fifty overweight patients with T2DM were randomly assigned to two groups: (A) an exercise(More)
OBJECTIVE Visfatin (nampt) and ghrelin are the most recently identified adipocytokines, but their role in atherosclerosis is poorly clarified. In our study we investigated their association with advanced carotid atherosclerosis and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS 122 patients (50 males) with(More)
OBJECTIVES/DESIGN Carotid plaque echogenicity quantified by the Gray-Scale Median (GSM) score has been associated with plaque vulnerability. The aim of this study was to assess whether intensive lipid-lowering treatment with atorvastatin in patients with carotid artery stenosis ameliorates novel vascular calcification inhibitors, such as osteopontin (OPN)(More)
OBJECTIVE Atherosclerotic plaque stabilization is a promising strategy to prevent cerebrovascular events in patients with carotid atherosclerosis. Vascular calcification inhibitors, known osteopontin (OPN) and osteoprotegerin (OPG), have emerged as novel cardiovascular biomarkers. This open-label, prospective study aimed to examine whether aggressive(More)
Visfatin, ghrelin, and apelin are the most recently identified adipocytokines; but their response to insulin-sensitizing agents is poorly clarified. We aimed to assess the differential effects of either rosiglitazone or metformin monotherapy on the aforementioned adipocytokines in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). One hundred T2DM patients (30(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine the interaction between cardiorespiratory capacity and cardiovascular risk factors in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). RESEARCH DESIGN/METHODS A total of 92 patients with T2DM (40 men, 52 women) performed a symptom-limited exercise test on ergocycle, with continuous gas exchange measurement. All(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with carotid stenosis, we prospectively investigated the association of novel adipokines, apelin and visfatin, with gray-scale median (GSM) score, a valid index of carotid plaque vulnerability. We also assessed the impact of atorvastatin therapy on the above biochemical and imaging markers. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seventy-four(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) demonstrate low dietary adherence and this is further aggravated with comorbid obesity. The aim of the present study was to assess diet quality in patients with T2DM and comorbid obesity compared to patients with T2DM alone and to examine the associations between comorbidities and diet quality. METHODS The(More)