Nikolaos Pontikides

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To determine whether serum levels of total (T) and free (F) IGF-I and -II and IGF binding protein (IGFBP),-1, -2, and -3 are normal in euthyroid patients with Graves' disease and active thyroid ophthalmopathy, we investigated the above-mentioned parameters in 21 patients (11 male, 10 female) aged 50.8 +/- 11.8 yr (range 35-70) and 19 healthy individuals(More)
There are few long-term studies of cabergoline (CAB) administration in patients with macroprolactinomas. All of these studies included different type of patients, such as patients with idiopathic hyperprolactinemia, microprolactinomas and previously treated or untreated macroprolactinomas. We report a study of CAB treatment conducted exclusively in patients(More)
Octreotide, a potent synthetic somatostatin (SM) analogue, was recently evaluated and found to have a beneficial effect in thyroid eye disease (TED), mostly in those patients with a positive Octreoscan-111. Lanreotide (LRT; Somatuline-Ipsen), a new SM long-acting analogue, is more active than natural SM and shows a much longer duration of action. The aim of(More)
OBJECTIVES Most thyroid textbooks describe hypothyroidism resulting in changes in the length of the menstrual cycle and in the amount of bleeding. Our experience at a busy thyroid clinic had given a picture which differs from that presented in the literature. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and type of menstrual irregularities in(More)
Over the past decade it has been established that adipose tissue is capable of secreting a variety of hormones, cytokines, growth factors, and other peptides that are capable of changing adipocyte biology as well as different organ systems, like the central nervous system, liver, pancreas, and skeletal muscles. Also, it is well known that changes of thyroid(More)
CONTEXT Erectile dysfunction (ED) is associated with numerous diseases and aging. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to investigate the impact of hyper- and hypothyroidism on male sexual health by using the Sexual Health Inventory for Males (SHIM). DESIGN Seventy-one men, 27 hyper- and 44 hypothyroid and a similar number of controls were included(More)
OBJECTIVE Octreotide, a potent long-acting synthetic somatostatin analogue, has been reported to have a beneficial effect in thyroid eye disease (TED), but the precise mechanism of action remains unexplained. 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide (Octreoscan-111) has been used to localize a number of endocrine tumours and visualize somatostatin receptors in the(More)
INTRODUCTION Conventional treatment modalities for thyroid cancer lead to complete remission in only one-third of patients with distant metastases. On the other hand, medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) and anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC), although rare, are responsible for a significant percentage of thyroid cancer-related deaths. New treatments are needed to(More)
OBJECTIVES In thyroid textbooks it is stated that hyperthyroidism in women may be associated in almost 50% of the cases with hypomenorrhoea, oligomenorrhoea or amenorrhoea and perhaps with reduced fertility. Our experience at a busy thyroid clinic has given a picture which differs from that described in the literature. Most of our female thyrotoxic patients(More)
Despite the high prevalence of thyroid diseases in the general population, the impact of the latter on male reproductive function has been the subject of only a few well-controlled clinical studies. Hyperthyroidism appears to cause alterations in the sex steroid hormone metabolism as well as in spermatogenesis and fertility. Sperm motility is mainly(More)