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BACKGROUND & AIMS Standard therapy for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is corticosteroids with or without azathioprine. However, 20% of patients do not respond or are intolerant to conventional treatment. Therefore, we evaluated prospectively the efficacy and safety of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in inducing and/or maintaining remission in treatment-naïve AIH(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Antibodies (Abs) to soluble liver antigen/liver pancreas (anti-SLA/LP) are considered markers of worse prognosis and outcome in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) although this assumption has recently been attributed to their frequent co-expression with Abs against Ro52 (anti-Ro52). To assess the clinical significance of anti-SLA/LP(More)
We describe, for the first time, two adult patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) who presented palpable purpuric lesions on the lower extremities and buttocks. Skin biopsy was consistent with Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP). One of the patients exhibited renal and gastrointestinal involvement, as well. A favourable outcome was achieved in both the(More)
BACKGROUND Spontaneous spondylodiscitis is an uncommon disease, which may result in serious complications with potentially high morbidity and mortality. We conducted a prospective case study over a 2-year period in order to analyze the clinical features, approaches to management, and outcome of spondylodiscitis. METHODS Eight consecutive patients (four(More)
To the Editor: I would like to thank Dr. Ross. (5) $100 million for antiviral therapy over 20 months is $5 million per month. This is clearly inadequate to treat 147,000 veterans with hepatitis C. This is why legislation should be passed so that all veterans with HCV immediately prequalify for their choice of Medicaid or Medicare. They could then obtain(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a global health problem that affects more than 170 million people worldwide. It is a major cause of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, making the virus the most common cause of liver failure and transplantation. The standard-of-care treatment for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) has been changed during the last decade and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Leptin has a particular profibrogenic role in the liver. We investigated whether IFN-alpha influences leptin production in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and C (CHC). Leptin was determined in serial samples from 63 CHB and 42 CHC IFN-alpha treated patients. Furthermore, we evaluated whether leptin alterations were associated with(More)
For many decades, adipose tissue was considered as an inactive body compartment that was only used as an energy store. During the recent years, an increasing amount of data has revealed that adipose tissue is a major endocrine and paracrine organ producing numerous enzymes, hormones and growth factors which are collectively termed as adipokines. Several(More)
OBJECTIVE No study has investigated the intrafamilial spread of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Greece. We conducted a 9-year prospective study to determine the rate of HBV spread in family members when a member is identified as an HBV carrier, the possible routes and risk factors for transmission of HBV and the family members with the highest risk of infection(More)
We studied the prevalence and clinical significance of anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) as similar data are missing. Ninety-nine PBC patients, 41 PSC, 228 HCV, 50 HBV, 111 with other non-viral and non-autoimmune liver disorders and 267 healthy were investigated. In order to evaluate(More)