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BACKGROUND & AIMS Standard therapy for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is corticosteroids with or without azathioprine. However, 20% of patients do not respond or are intolerant to conventional treatment. Therefore, we evaluated prospectively the efficacy and safety of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in inducing and/or maintaining remission in treatment-naïve AIH(More)
BACKGROUND Spontaneous spondylodiscitis is an uncommon disease, which may result in serious complications with potentially high morbidity and mortality. We conducted a prospective case study over a 2-year period in order to analyze the clinical features, approaches to management, and outcome of spondylodiscitis. METHODS Eight consecutive patients (four(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Antibodies (Abs) to soluble liver antigen/liver pancreas (anti-SLA/LP) are considered markers of worse prognosis and outcome in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) although this assumption has recently been attributed to their frequent co-expression with Abs against Ro52 (anti-Ro52). To assess the clinical significance of anti-SLA/LP(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a global health problem that affects more than 170 million people worldwide. It is a major cause of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, making the virus the most common cause of liver failure and transplantation. The standard-of-care treatment for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) has been changed during the last decade and(More)
INTRODUCTION Antiphospholipid syndrome is an autoimmune disorder characterized by either a history of vascular thrombosis (one or more clinical episodes of arterial, venous, or small vessel thrombosis in any tissue or organ) or pregnancy morbidity in association with the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. The systemic features of the syndrome are(More)
For many decades, adipose tissue was considered as an inactive body compartment that was only used as an energy store. During the recent years, an increasing amount of data has revealed that adipose tissue is a major endocrine and paracrine organ producing numerous enzymes, hormones and growth factors which are collectively termed as adipokines. Several(More)
There are few case reports on the association between autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and anticardiolipin antibodies (anti-CLAbs) and/or antiphospholipid syndrome (APLS). We studied the anti-CLAbs prevalence in AIH and other hepatic diseases. We also investigated whether anti-CLAbs are co-factor dependent and which is their avidity since co-factor dependency or(More)
There is accumulating evidence that leptin has a pleiotropic role in hematopoiesis, immune response, fibrogenesis, and hepatocarcinogenesis. We investigated the expression of leptin and leptin receptor (OB-R) at the protein level by flow cytometry and also quantified by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) the two major leptin(More)
AIM To present the characteristics and the course of a series of anti-hepatitis B virus core antibody (HBc) antibody positive patients, who experienced hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation after immunosuppression. METHODS We retrospectively evaluated in our tertiary centers the medical records of hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) negative patients(More)
OBJECTIVE No study has investigated the intrafamilial spread of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Greece. We conducted a 9-year prospective study to determine the rate of HBV spread in family members when a member is identified as an HBV carrier, the possible routes and risk factors for transmission of HBV and the family members with the highest risk of infection(More)