Nikolaos Grigoriadis

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OBJECTIVE Intracerebroventricular or intravenous (IV) injection of neural precursor cells (NPCs) attenuates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), the animal model of multiple sclerosis. Although stem cell therapy was introduced initially for cell replacement, we examine here whether NPCs possess immunomodulatory effects. METHODS We examined the(More)
We have recently shown that the inflammatory process during experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE), the animal model of MS, attracts transplanted NPC migration into the inflamed white matter. Here we studied how the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) and interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) affect NPC growth, survival,(More)
Brain transplantation of neural precursor cells (NPCs) has been proposed to enhance CNS regeneration. As the pathogenesis of most acute CNS diseases involves an inflammatory component, we studied whether NPC transplantation affects brain inflammation. Newborn rat multipotential NPCs were transplanted intraventriculary into acute experimental allergic(More)
As an abnormally folded and aggregated protein, tau composed of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) in Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies seems to be a candidate for immunotherapy. Yet, the encephalitogenicity of full-length tau protein, recently reported by us in immunized mice, demands to carefully and selectively target pathological tau and address(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in the chronic model of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). DESIGN Mesenchymal stromal cells were obtained from the bone marrow of naïve C57BL and green fluorescent protein-transgenic mice and cultured with Eagle minimum essential medium/alpha medium after(More)
Natalizumab, a highly specific α4-integrin antagonist, is approved for treatment of patients with active relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). It is generally recommended for individuals who have not responded to a currently available first-line disease-modifying therapy or who have very active disease. The expected benefits of natalizumab(More)
BACKGROUND A possible role of autoimmunity in Alzheimer disease pathogenesis has recently attracted increasing attention. Vaccination with amyloid-beta peptide was reported to cause marked reduction in amyloid deposition, but it also induced encephalitis. Not much is known regarding neurofibrillary tangle-related autoimmune effects. OBJECTIVE To use the(More)
Despite efforts aimed at developing novel therapeutics for traumatic brain injury (TBI), no specific pharmacological agent is currently clinically available. Here, we show that the pan-histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor ITF2357, a compound shown to be safe and effective in humans, improves functional recovery and attenuates tissue damage when administered(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in young people in industrialized countries. Although various anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic modalities have shown neuroprotective effects in experimental models of TBI, to date, no specific pharmacological agent aimed at blocking the progression of secondary brain damage has(More)
The neurofibrillary-tangles (NTFs), characteristic of tauopathies including Alzheimer's-disease (AD), are the pathological features which correlate best with dementia. The objective of our study was to generate an authentic transgenic (tg) animal model for NFT pathology in tauopathy/AD. Previous NFT-tg mice were driven by non-related/non-homologous(More)