Nikolajs Sjakste

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We have investigated the long-range organization and the intrinsic curvature of satellite 1 DNA, an unusual tandemly-repeated DNA family of Xenopus laevis presenting sequence homologies to SINEs. PFGE was used in combination with frequent-cutter restriction enzymes not likely to cut within satellite 1 DNA and revealed that almost all the repeating units are(More)
In our preceding studies we have identified microsatellite polymorphisms inside the PSMA6 gene and in its 5' upstream region. Following the observed associations of microsatellite polymorphisms with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and Graves' disease we extended the evaluation of PSMA6 genetic variations to cardiovascular disorders and non-insulin(More)
BACKGROUND Halogenated volatile anesthetics (HVAs) are considered to be inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). On other hand, NO mediates the vasodilation produced by HVAs. Thus, both increase and decrease of NO concentration in brain tissues are possible during anesthesia. Previously, we have observed an increase of NO content in rat brain cortex under(More)
Cells expressing the cytokine-inducible NO synthase are known to trigger apoptosis in neighboring cells. Paramagnetic dinitrosyl nonheme iron complexes (DNIC) were found in tumor tissue about 40 years ago; however, the role of these NO(+)-bearing species is not completely understood. In the human Jurkat leukemia cell line, the application of the model(More)
The exon/intron structure of the human proteasome PROS-27 gene was established by means of partial sequencing of its genomic clones and comparison with the chromosome 14 sequences from the data bases. The gene contains seven exons spanning over 19kb. Introns of the gene contain numerous Alu type repeats, Mer 2 and LINE type repeats. Pattern of the repeats(More)
CONTEXT Metformin improves hyperglycaemia via mechanisms which include activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Recent findings indicate that some metabolic actions of metformin occur also by AMPK-independent mechanisms. OBJECTIVE To study the action of metformin on expression of GLUT1 glucose transporter in rat streptozotocin model of diabetes(More)
A novel gene transcribed in the direction opposite to that of the globin genes was found in the chicken α-globin gene domain. Northern hybridisation with single-stranded riboprobes revealed that a 4.5-kb poly(A)+ RNA is transcribed in antisense polarity with respect to the globin genes. The transcription unit encoding this RNA seems to overlap the entire(More)
The data on the structure of gene domains of both mammalian and avian α- and β-globin genes are reviewed. The specific features of chromatin, DNA binding to the nuclear matrix, and domain-specific transcripts are discussed. In humans, the β-globin gene domain is located in the GC-depleted isochore and contains multiple nuclear matrix attachment regions. The(More)
Mildronate (3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazinium)propionate; MET-88; meldonium, quaterine) is an antiischemic drug developed at the Latvian Institute of Organic Synthesis. Mildronate was designed to inhibit carnitine biosynthesis in order to prevent accumulation of cytotoxic intermediate products of fatty acid beta-oxidation in ischemic tissues and to block this(More)
We describe here a novel approach to the dissection of chromatin structure by extracting DNA fragments from digested nuclei irreversibly immobilized (via proteins) on Celite columns. Three successive gradients (NaCl, LiCl-urea, temperature) are used to release three families of DNA fragments: namely, the 'DNA adherence' classes DNA-0, DNA-I and DNA-II,(More)