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BACKGROUND Appetite measures are often recorded by visual analogue scales (VAS), and are assumed to reflect central nervous system (CNS) perceptions and sensations. However, little is known about how physiological, psychological, social, and cultural factors influence VAS. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether age, gender, body mass index (BMI), smoking(More)
BACKGROUND Thermic effect of a meal (TEF) has previously been suggested to influence appetite. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess whether there is an association between appetite and TEF. Second, to examine whether protein intake is associated with TEF or appetite. DESIGN Individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis on studies were(More)
The aim of this study was to verify whether appetite sensation scores obtained from 150-mm visual analogue scales (VAS) can be compared to those obtained from 100-mm scales. On one occasion, using a within-subject design, 25 participants (mean age: 42.2 + or - 13.3 years, mean body mass index: 22.9 + or - 2.3 kg/m(2)) recorded their appetite sensations(More)
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