Nikolaj Gadegaard

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A key tenet of bone tissue engineering is the development of scaffold materials that can stimulate stem cell differentiation in the absence of chemical treatment to become osteoblasts without compromising material properties. At present, conventional implant materials fail owing to encapsulation by soft tissue, rather than direct bone bonding. Here, we(More)
Polymeric medical devices widely used in orthopedic surgery play key roles in fracture fixation and orthopedic implant design. Topographical modification and surface micro-roughness of these devices regulate cellular adhesion, a process fundamental in the initiation of osteoinduction and osteogenesis. Advances in fabrication techniques have evolved the(More)
Stem cells respond to nanoscale surface features, with changes in cell growth and differentiation mediated by alterations in cell adhesion. The interaction of nanotopographical features with integrin receptors in the cells' focal adhesions alters how the cells adhere to materials surfaces, and defines cell fate through changes in both cell biochemistry and(More)
There is currently an unmet need for the supply of autologous, patient-specific stem cells for regenerative therapies in the clinic. Mesenchymal stem cell differentiation can be driven by the material/cell interface suggesting a unique strategy to manipulate stem cells in the absence of complex soluble chemistries or cellular reprogramming. However, so far(More)
The physiochemical characteristics of a material with in vivo applications are critical for the clinical success of the implant and regulate both cellular adhesion and differentiated cellular function. Topographical modification of an orthopaedic implant may be a viable method to guide tissue integration and has been shown in vitro to dramatically influence(More)
In order for cells to react to topography, they must be able to sense shape. When considering nano-topography, these shapes are much smaller than the cell, but still strong responses to nano-topography have been seen. Filopodia, or microspikes, presented by cells at their leading edges are thought to be involved in gathering of special information. In order(More)
The spectroscopic analysis of large biomolecules is important in applications such as biomedical diagnostics and pathogen detection, and spectroscopic techniques can detect such molecules at the nanogram level or lower. However, spectroscopic techniques have not been able to probe the structure of large biomolecules with similar levels of sensitivity. Here,(More)
Current load-bearing orthopaedic implants are produced in 'bio-inert' materials such as titanium alloys. When inserted into the reamed bone during hip or knee replacement surgery the implants interact with mesenchymal populations including the bone marrow. Bio-inert materials are shielded from the body by differentiation of the cells along the fibroblastic(More)
Mammalian cells react to microstructured surfaces, but there is little information on the reactions to nanostructured surfaces, and such as have been tested are poorly ordered or random in their structure. We now report that ordered surface arrays (orthogonal or hexagonal) of nanopits in polycaprolactone or polymethylmethacrylate have marked effects in(More)
Current understanding of the mechanisms involved in ossesoinegration following implantation of a biomaterial has led to an emphasis being placed on the modification of material topography to control interface reactions. Recent studies have inferred nanoscale topography as an important mediator of cell adhesion and differentiation. Biomimetic strategies in(More)