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The deletion (D) allele of the human ACE gene is associated with higher ACE activity than the insertion (I) allele. There is controversy as to whether the ACE genotype may be associated with elite athletic status; recent studies have identified no significant associations amongst those drawn from mixed sporting disciplines. However, such lack of association(More)
We have developed a new and rapid immunofluorescent method for visualisation of replicated regions on fixed DNA fibers. Using this method we have found in 5-fluorodeoxyuridine (FrdU)-blocked human cells distinct replication units covering about 60 kb of DNA and corresponding in size to single replicons or chromatin loops. Our results also suggest that(More)
Primate genomes contain a very large number of short interspersed GC-rich repeats of the Alu family, which are abundant in introns and intergenic spacers but also present in 5' flanking regions of genes enriched in binding motifs (BMs) for transcription factors and frequently containing CpG islands. Here we studied whether CpG islands located in promoters(More)
Chinese hamster cells have large interstitial (TTAGGG) bands (ITs) which are unstable and should be protected by an unknown mechanism. Here, we expressed in Chinese hamster V79 cells green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged human TRF1, and found that a major fraction of GFP-TRF1 bound to ITs is diffusionally mobile. This fraction strongly decreases after(More)
We have used fluorescent in situ hybridization to localize telomeres within the nuclei of sperm from six mammals (human, rat, mouse, stallion, boar, and bull). In minimally swollen sperm of mouse and rat, most of the telomeres are clustered within a limited area in the posterior part of nuclei. In sperm of other species, telomeres associate into tetrameres(More)
Human sperm, unlike the sperm of other mammals, contain replacement histones with unknown biological functions. Here, we report the identification of the novel human gene coding for a testis/sperm-specific histone H2B (hTSH2B). This variant histone is 85% homologous to somatic H2B and has over 93% homology with the testis H2B of rodents. Using genomic PCR,(More)
Telomeres of mammalian chromosomes are composed of long tandem repeats (TTAGGG)n which bind in a sequence-specific manner two proteins-TRF1 and TRF2. In human somatic cells both proteins are mostly associated with telomeres and TRF1 overexpression resulting in telomere shortening. However, chromosomes of some mammalian species, e.g., Chinese hamster, have(More)
Poly(ADP-ribosyl) transferase (ADPRT) is a nuclear enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of ADP-ribose polymers from NAD+ as well as the transfer of these polymers onto acceptor proteins. The function of ADPRT is thought to be related to a number of nuclear processes including DNA repair and transcription. The transcription factor Yin Yang 1 (YY1) is a potent(More)
Sensitivity of tumor cells to treatment with anticancer drugs depends on expression and function of antiapoptotic and antioxidant proteins. The goal of our study was to determine the functional role of the novel antioxidant protein Peroxiredoxin V (PrxV), in protection of human lung carcinoma cell lines against apoptosis. Analysis of expression of PrxV in(More)
Double-strand breaks in mammalian DNA lead to rapid phosphorylation of C-terminal serines in histone H2AX (gamma-H2AX) and formation of large nuclear gamma-H2AX foci. After DNA repair these foci disappear, but molecular mechanism of elimination of gamma-H2AX foci remains unclear. H2AX protein can be phosphorylated and dephosphorylated in vitro in the(More)