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We have determined the complete 1,694,969-nt sequence of the GC-rich genome of Methanopyrus kandleri by using a whole direct genome sequencing approach. This approach is based on unlinking of genomic DNA with the ThermoFidelase version of M. kandleri topoisomerase V and cycle sequencing directed by 2'-modified oligonucleotides (Fimers). Sequencing(More)
Antisense oligonucleotide conjugates, bearing constructs with two imidazole residues, were synthesized using a precursor-based technique employing post-synthetic histamine functionalization of oligonucleotides bearing methoxyoxalamido precursors at the 5'-termini. The conjugates were assessed in terms of their cleavage activities using both biochemical(More)
Synthesis of new terminus modifiers, bearing, along with a phosphoramidite moiety, one, two or four methoxyoxalamido (MOX) precursor groups, is described. These modifiers are introduced onto the 5'-end of a synthetic oligodeoxyribonucleotide as the last step of an automated synthesis to form the MOX precursor oligonucleotide. The MOX groups are then(More)
We describe synthesis of four novel biotin phosphoramidites with tethering arms ranging from 20 to 74 atoms in length. One of these phosphoramidites is a uridine derivative with a biotin moiety attached through the 2'-position. The biotin phosphoramidites were synthetized based on robust and efficient methoxyoxalamido (MOX) and succinimido (SUC) precursor(More)
The efficiency of oligodeoxynucleotide deprotection is greatly enhanced using a combination of: (a) ethanolamine, and especially a mixture of hydrazine, ethanolamine and methanol, in place of the usual aqueous ammonia; (b) tert-butylphenoxyacetyl amino protecting groups, and (c) oxalyl link between the first nucleotide and the polymeric support. The extent(More)
Fimers are specifically modified primers selected to inhibit nonspecific interactions occurring in cycle sequencing. They are postsynthetically derived from 2'-methoxyoxalamido or 2'-succinimido precursor oligonucleotides by treatment with appropriate small molecular weight modifiers (a primary aliphatic amine or hydroxide anion). We describe design,(More)
Design of site-selective artificial ribonucleases (aRNases) is one of the most challenging tasks in RNA targeting. Here, we designed and studied oligonucleotide-based aRNases containing multiple imidazole residues in the catalytic part and systematically varied structure of cleaving constructs. We demonstrated that the ribonuclease activity of the(More)
Synthesis of 2'-modified oligonucleotides from 2'-methoxyoxalamido (MOX) and 2'-succinimido (SUC) precursors is described. Their physical and biochemical properties were assessed. Synthesized oligonucleotides were used as primers in advanced DNA sequencing protocols. An example of sequencing directly off genomic DNA template without prior cloning or PCR(More)