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A simple model that replicates the dynamics of spiking and spiking-bursting activity of real biological neurons is proposed. The model is a two-dimensional map that contains one fast and one slow variable. The mechanisms behind generation of spikes, bursts of spikes, and restructuring of the map behavior are explained using phase portrait analysis. The(More)
We report experimental studies of synchronization phenomena in a pair of biological neurons that interact through naturally occurring, electrical coupling. When these neurons generate irregular bursts of spikes, the natural coupling synchronizes slow oscillations of membrane potential, but not the fast spikes. By adding artificial electrical coupling we(More)
We study the reliability of cortical neuron responses to periodically modulated synaptic stimuli. Simple map-based models of two different types of cortical neurons are constructed to replicate the intrinsic resonances of reliability found in experimental data and to explore the effects of those resonance properties on collective behavior in a cortical(More)
—In this letter we investigate a communication strategy for digital ultra-wide bandwidth impulse radio, where the separation between the adjacent pulses is chaotic arising from a dynam-ical system with irregular behavior. A pulse position method is used to modulate binary information onto the carrier. The receiver is synchronized to the chaotic pulse train,(More)
Origin of chaos in a simple two-dimensional map model replicating the spiking and spiking-bursting activity of real biological neurons is studied. The map contains one fast and one slow variable. Individual dynamics of a fast subsystem of the map is characterized by two types of possible attractors: stable fixed point (replicating silence) and superstable(More)
—Utilization of chaotic signals for covert communications remains a very promising practical application. Multiple studies indicate that the major shortcoming of recently proposed chaos-based communication schemes is their susceptibility to noise and distortions in communication channels. In this paper, we review a new approach to communication with chaotic(More)
Intrinsic neuronal and circuit properties control the responses of large ensembles of neurons by creating spatiotemporal patterns of activity that are used for sensory processing, memory formation, and other cognitive tasks. The modeling of such systems requires computationally efficient single-neuron models capable of displaying realistic response(More)
The odor transduction process has a large time constant and is susceptible to various types of noise. Therefore, the olfactory code at the sensor/receptor level is in general a slow and highly variable indicator of the input odor in both natural and artificial situations. Insects overcome this problem by using a neuronal device in their Antennal Lobe (AL),(More)