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A simple model that replicates the dynamics of spiking and spiking-bursting activity of real biological neurons is proposed. The model is a two-dimensional map that contains one fast and one slow variable. The mechanisms behind generation of spikes, bursts of spikes, and restructuring of the map behavior are explained using phase portrait analysis. The(More)
We report experimental studies of synchronization phenomena in a pair of biological neurons that interact through naturally occurring, electrical coupling. When these neurons generate irregular bursts of spikes, the natural coupling synchronizes slow oscillations of membrane potential, but not the fast spikes. By adding artificial electrical coupling we(More)
Experimental observations of the intracellular recorded electrical activity in individual neurons show that the temporal behavior is often chaotic. We discuss both our own observations on a cell from the stomatogastric central pattern generator of lobster and earlier observations in other cells. In this paper we work with models with chaotic neurons,(More)
Synchronization of chaotic oscillators in a generalized sense leads to richer behavior than identical chaotic oscillations in coupled systems. It may imply a more complicated connection between the synchronized trajectories in the state spaces of coupled systems. We suggest a method here that can be used to detect and study generalized synchronization in(More)
The dynamics of errors caused by atmospheric turbulence in a self-synchronizing chaos-based communication system that stably transmits information over an approximately 5 km free-space laser link is studied experimentally. Binary information is transmitted using a chaotic sequence of short-term pulses as a carrier. The information signal slightly shifts the(More)
—In this letter we investigate a communication strategy for digital ultra-wide bandwidth impulse radio, where the separation between the adjacent pulses is chaotic arising from a dynam-ical system with irregular behavior. A pulse position method is used to modulate binary information onto the carrier. The receiver is synchronized to the chaotic pulse train,(More)
Origin of chaos in a simple two-dimensional map model replicating the spiking and spiking-bursting activity of real biological neurons is studied. The map contains one fast and one slow variable. Individual dynamics of a fast subsystem of the map is characterized by two types of possible attractors: stable fixed point (replicating silence) and superstable(More)