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From 24 samples of hydrothermal venting structures collected at the East Pacific Rise (13°N), 13 enrichments of coccoid cells were obtained which grew on CO, producing H2 and CO2 at 80°C. A hyperthermophilic archaeon capable of lithotrophic growth on CO coupled with equimolar production of H2 was isolated. Based on its 16S rRNA sequence analysis, this(More)
A novel, moderately thermophilic, strictly anaerobic, mixotrophic bacterium, designated strain LF13T, was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal chimney sample that was collected at a vent site at 14 degrees 45' N, 44 degrees 59' W on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Cells were Gram-negative, thin, non-motile rods of variable length. Strain LF13T grew optimally at pH(More)
Activity measurements by radioisotopic methods and cultural and molecular approaches were used in parallel to investigate the microbial biodiversity and its physiological potential in formation waters of the Samotlor high-temperature oil reservoir (Western Siberia, Russia). Sulfate reduction with rates not exceeding 20 nmol of H(2)S liter(-1) day(-1)(More)
Anaerobic organotrophic hyperthermophilic Archaea were isolated from five of eight samples from oil wells of the Samotlor oil reservoir (depth, 1,799–2,287 m; temperature, 60°–84°C). Three strains were isolated in pure cultures and characterized phylogenetically on the basis of comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequences. All strains belonged to a new species(More)
A new anaerobic, thermophilic, facultatively carboxydotrophic bacterium, strain Nor1(T), was isolated from a hot spring at Norris Basin, Yellowstone National Park. Cells of strain Nor1(T) were curved motile rods with a length of 2.6-3 microm, a width of about 0.5 microm and lateral flagellation. The cell wall structure was of the Gram-negative type. Strain(More)
An obligately anaerobic, sulfate-reducing micro-organism, strain 3127-1T, was isolated from geothermally heated soil (Oil Site, Uzon Caldera, Kamchatka, Russia). The new isolate was a moderately thermoacidophilic anaerobe able to grow with H2 or formate by respiration of sulfate or thiosulfate. The pH range for growth was 3.7-6.5, with an optimum at(More)
A novel anaerobic, thermophilic, alkalitolerant bacterium, strain 2204(T), was isolated from a hot spring of the Baikal Lake region. The cells of strain 2204(T) were straight rods of variable length, Gram-positive with an S-layer, motile with one to two lateral flagella, and often formed aggregates of 3-15 cells. The isolate was shown to be an obligate(More)
A moderately thermophilic, sporeforming bacterium able to reduce amorphous Fe(III)-hydroxide was isolated from ferric deposits of a terrestrial hydrothermal spring, Kunashir Island (Kurils), and designated as strain Z-0001. Cells of strain Z-0001 were straight, Gram-positive rods, slowly motile. Strain Z-0001 was found to be an obligate anaerobe. It grew in(More)
Thermal habitats harbor specialized communities of thermophilic microorganisms, primarily prokaryotes. This review considers modern systematics of prokaryotes and the place of thermophilic archaea and bacteria in it. Among the existing hierarchical classifications of prokaryotes, the bulk of attention is given to the one accepted in the current second(More)
Desulfurococcus kamchatkensis is an anaerobic organotrophic hyperthermophilic crenarchaeon isolated from a terrestrial hot spring. Its genome consists of a single circular chromosome of 1,365,223 bp with no extrachromosomal elements. A total of 1,474 protein-encoding genes were annotated, among which 205 are exclusive for D. kamchatkensis. The search for a(More)