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Analysis of global microRNA (miRNA) expression in postmortem cortical grey matter from the superior temporal gyrus, revealed significant up-regulation of miR-181b expression in schizophrenia. This finding was supported by quantitative real-time RT-PCR analysis of miRNA expression in a cohort of 21 matched pairs of schizophrenia and non-psychiatric controls.(More)
The amygdala is implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia through its function in the processing of emotions. However, the genes involved in the dysfunction of the amygdala in schizophrenia are yet to be identified. This study examined gene expression in the amygdala in postmortem tissue from seven matched pairs of schizophrenia and non-psychiatric(More)
Asthma is characterised into eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic phenotypes based on inflammatory cell patterns in airway secretions. Neutrophils are important in innate immunity, and are increased in the airways in non-eosinophilic asthma. The present study investigated the activity of neutrophils in asthma phenotypes. Participants with eosinophilic (n = 8)(More)
Mutations in the recognized breast cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1, BRCA2, TP53, ATM, and CHEK2 account for approximately 20% of hereditary breast cancer. This raises the possibility that mutations in other biologically relevant genes may be involved in genetic predisposition to breast cancer. In this study, BRIP1, PALB2, and RAD51C were sequenced for(More)
Platinum based therapy is one of the most effectively used chemotherapeutic treatments for cancer. The mechanism of action of platinum compounds is to damage DNA and drive cells into apoptosis. The most commonly used platinum containing agents are cis-diammine-dichloroplatinum (II)], more commonly known as cisplatin, its analogue carboplatin, and(More)
Schizophrenia is a heterogenous disorder that is phenomenologically characterised by a combination of negative, positive, and cognitive symptoms with variable expression in the course of illness. Here, we investigated differential gene expression in relation to age to address the heterogeneity of this disorder We used 6000 gene cDNA microarrays to generate(More)
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a tumour classification that is defined by oestrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 receptor negativity. TNBCs share a similar gene expression profile to BRCA-mutated tumours, have been shown to carry a high proportion of BRCA mutations and have a more adverse prognosis(More)
BACKGROUND The superior temporal gyrus (STG), which encompasses the primary auditory cortex, is believed to be a major anatomical substrate for speech, language and communication. The STG connects to the limbic system (hippocampus and amygdala), the thalamus and neocortical association areas in the prefrontal cortex, all of which have been implicated in(More)
Inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) are hallmark features of asthma and often correlate with the severity of clinical disease. Although these features of asthma can be effectively managed with glucocorticoid therapy, a subgroup of patients, typically with severe asthma, remains refractory to therapy. The mechanisms leading to steroid(More)
BACKGROUND The environmental influence of sun exposure and vitamin D in particular and its implication with multiple sclerosis (MS) has recently received considerable attention. Current evidence based on genetic and epidemiological studies indicate that vitamin D is implicated in the aetiology of this disease. METHODS We examined two common variants in(More)