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The evolutionarily conserved actin-related protein (Arp2/3) complex is a key component of actin filament networks that is dynamically regulated by nucleation-promoting and inhibitory factors. Although much is known about actin assembly, the physiologic functions of inhibitory proteins are unclear. We generated coronin 1-/- mice and found that coronin 1(More)
Mice carrying the recessive locus for peripheral T cell deficiency (Ptcd) have a block in thymic egress, but the mechanism responsible is undefined. Here we found that Ptcd T cells had an intrinsic migration defect, impaired lymphoid tissue trafficking and irregularly shaped protrusions. Characterization of the Ptcd locus showed a point substitution of(More)
The regulation of cellular survival and apoptosis is of critical importance for the immune system to maintain immune homeostasis and to establish tolerance. Here, we demonstrate that the immune specific cell surface molecule Toso exhibits antiapoptotic effects on death receptor signaling by a novel regulatory mechanism involving the adaptor kinase RIP1. The(More)
There is ample evidence that the family of CD44 glycoproteins is involved in homing, maturation and activation of lymphocytes. Furthermore, recent evidence suggests that CD44 splice variants are particularly involved in the process of lymphocyte activation whereby it was hypothesized that different isoforms may fulfill distinct functions. We here addressed(More)
Mice carrying the recessive peripheral T cell deficiency (Ptcd) locus have a block in thymic egress but the mechanism responsible is undefined. Here we found that Ptcd T cells have an intrinsic migration defect, impaired lymphoid tissue trafficking and irregularly shaped protrusions. Characterization of the Ptcd locus revealed an E26K point mutation within(More)
T cell activation is supposed to require two signals via the TCR and a co-stimulatory molecule. However, the signaling cascade of co-stimulatory molecules has remained elusive. Here we provide evidence that CD44, which is constitutively associated with Ick and fyn, supports proliferation as well as apoptosis mainly, if not exclusively, by enhancing signal(More)
Mast cell (MC) activation via aggregation of the high affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI) causes degranulation and release of proinflammatory mediators in a process that involves the reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton. However, the regulatory pathways and the molecular links between cytoskeletal changes and MC function are incompletely understood. In this(More)
T cell activation is accompanied by actin-mediated receptor clustering and reorganization of lipid rafts. It has been suggested that costimulatory molecules might be involved in these processes. We here provide evidence that engagement of the adhesion molecule CD44 initiates cytoskeletal rearrangement and membrane reorganization in T cells. Cross-linking of(More)
We have cloned from a chicken intestinal cDNA library Cmdr1, the first avian P-glycoprotein. Cmdr1 is 67% and 69% identical to proteins encoded by the human MDR1 and MDR2 genes, respectively. Functional expression of Cmdr1 in both mouse NIH 3T3 and yeast cells demonstrated that Cmdr1 represents the avian ortholog of human Mdr1, since it confers resistance(More)