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BACKGROUND/AIMS The commonly used kidney function tests have limitations, especially in thyroid dysfunction. Therefore, we studied the most commonly used kidney function tests in patients with hypo- and hyperthyroidism and after reaching euthyroidism. METHODS Prospective case series in 16 patients with thyroid dysfunction. Serum creatinine, 24-hour(More)
BACKGROUND Uraemic pruritus (UP) is still one of the most vexing and disabling symptoms in chronic renal failure. The pathogenesis of UP is obscure and effective therapeutic strategies are elusive. Deduced from partial successful treatment modalities, there is evidence that an alteration of the immune system with a pro-inflammatory pattern along with a(More)
INTRODUCTION Secondary hyperparathyroidism develops in nearly all patients with end-stage renal disease. Parathyroidectomy is often performed when medical therapy fails. The most common postoperative complication, hungry bone syndrome (HBS), requires early recognition and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 84 patients who underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Increased local levels of fibrogenic growth hormones contribute substantially to the process of encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) in animal models. METHODS We analyzed probes from patients with normal kidney function (n = 10), with normal kidney function and inflammation (n = 10), on PD without (n = 10) and with EPS (n = 9). We(More)
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a rare but life-threatening complication of peritoneal sclerosis (PD). In 2000, the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis outlined diagnostic guidelines and a clinical definition of EPS. Over the intervening years, new evidence was published and several centers became more experienced managing patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a rare but life-threatening complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). The optimal management of patients with EPS is uncertain. In the present study, we investigated differences in the expression of nuclear receptors [progesterone (PR), androgen (AR), vitamin D (VDR), and glucocorticoid (GCR)] in the(More)
BACKGROUND Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a rare but devastating complication of peritoneal dialysis composed of chronic abdominal pain, chronic ileus, and severe malnutrition. Operative therapy for EPS is a complex procedure, including perionectomy and enterolysis (PEEL). In contrast to simple adhesiolysis, PEEL comprises a restitution of(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse the role of the PTPN22 and CSK genes, previously associated with autoimmunity, in the predisposition and clinical phenotypes of giant cell arteritis (GCA). METHODS Our study population was composed of 911 patients diagnosed with biopsy-proven GCA and 8136 unaffected controls from a Spanish discovery cohort and three additional(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Emergency departments (EDs) have a growing role in hospital admissions, but few studies address AKI biomarkers in the ED. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS Patients admitted to the internal medicine service were enrolled during initial workup in the ED at Robert-Bosch-Hospital, Stuttgart, Germany. Daily serum(More)
Calciphylaxis, nowadays called calcific uremic arteriolopathy (CUA), is a rare but life-threatening syndrome characterized by systemic medial calcification and arterial occlusion of the arterioles, leading to skin necrosis. Actually, the pathogenesis of CUA is complex and poorly understood. The vast majority of published cases presented with ulcers. We(More)