Niklas Warne

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The P1 or primary specificity residue of standard mechanism canonical protein inhibitors of serine proteinases, inserts into the S1 primary specificity cavity of the cognate enzyme upon enzyme-inhibitor complex formation. Both natural evolution and protein engineering often change the P1 residue to greatly alter the specificity and the binding strength. To(More)
An additivity-based sequence to reactivity algorithm for the interaction of members of the Kazal family of protein inhibitors with six selected serine proteinases is described. Ten consensus variable contact positions in the inhibitor were identified, and the 19 possible variants at each of these positions were expressed. The free energies of interaction of(More)
The in vivo distribution of the antileukemic agent busulfan labeled with the positron-emitting radionuclide carbon 11 was investigated in cynomolgus monkeys and in a human patient using positron emission tomography. After i.v. injection of the radiotracer, its regional uptake was monitored for about 1 h in the monkey's body and in a separate experiment, in(More)
A cluster of surface amino acid residues on Escherichia coli thioredoxin were systematically mutated in order to provide the molecule with an ability to chelate metal ions. The combined effect of two histidine mutants, E30H and Q62H, gave thioredoxin the capacity to bind to nickel ions immobilized on iminodiacetic acid- and nitrilotriacetic acid-Sepharose(More)
The administration of factor VIII (FVIII) by continuous infusion (CI) to manage severe haemorrhage or during major surgery appears pharmacokinetically and economically favourable when compared with intermittent bolus infusions. Successful clinical use of FVIII delivered by CI, however, requires a thorough assessment of product stability under conditions(More)
B-domain deleted recombinant factor VIII (BDDrFVIII) is a deletion form of human coagulation factor VIII. A lyophilized formulation of highly purified BDDrFVIII has been developed that does not require the use of blood-derived products such as human serum albumin (HSA). By avoiding the use of blood-derived products, the BDDrFVIII formulation minimizes the(More)
Busulphan [1,4-bis(methanesulfonoxy)butane], an alkylating agent used in the treatment of chronic myelocytic leukemia, was labeled with the positron-emitting radionuclide carbon-11 in a four-step synthetic procedure [1-11C]4-Hydroxybutyronitrile was obtained in 60-70% yield by the reaction of [11C]cyanide with 3-bromopropanol. The nitrile was hydrolysed to(More)
The photosensitivity of freshly dissociated R3230AC mammary adenocarcinoma cells was examined by measurement of the activities of selected intracellular enzymes after treatment with hematoporphyrin derivative (Hpd) and exposure to light in vitro. Enzymes selected as representative of the cytosolic cell compartment showed no loss in activity, whereas malate(More)
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