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BACKGROUND Injecting drug use (IDU) is a growing concern in Tanzania compounded by reports of high-risk injecting and sexual risk behaviours among people who inject drugs (PWID). These behaviours have implications for transmission of blood-borne viruses, including HIV and hepatitis C (HCV). METHODS We recruited 267 PWID (87% male) from Temeke District,(More)
BACKGROUND Drug use and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are both major public health issues in Georgia. However, the access to HCV prevention and care is still very limited in the country. This study was conducted to examine the HCV epidemic among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tbilisi and to assess the treatment needs of this most-at-risk population. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND People who inject drugs (PWID) achieve adherence to and outcomes from hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment comparable to other patients. Nonetheless, this population has been excluded from treatment by regulation or practice. Approval of safer and more effective oral HCV medicines should offer greater treatment options for PWID, although high(More)
BACKGROUND People who inject drugs (PWID) are disproportionately affected by the hepatitis C (HCV) epidemic. Of the estimated 16 million PWID worldwide, approximately 8 million live with chronic HCV, and around 26% and 23% of the global HCV infections among PWID occur in East/Southeast Asia and Eastern Europe respectively. Globally, few PWID have access to(More)
This article develops a new sociological understanding of the difference between global and local relating to the phenomena of globalization. Globalization itself is redefined as one of society's self-description insofar as, following Niklas Luhmann's theory, society is conceived as a cognitive system that can only handle information (about the world, about(More)