Niklas Berliner

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Advances in sequencing have led to a rapid accumulation of mutations, some of which are associated with diseases. However, to draw mechanistic conclusions, a biochemical understanding of these mutations is necessary. For coding mutations, accurate prediction of significant changes in either the stability of proteins or their affinity to their binding(More)
In this study, we sought to identify factors responsible for the positive modulation of lactoferrin (LF), a neutrophil-specific, secondary-granule protein gene. Initial reporter gene transfection assays indicated that the first 89 base pairs of the LF promoter are capable of directing myeloid-specific LF gene expression. The presence of a C/EBP site flanked(More)
Although the mature neutrophil is one of the better characterized mammalian cell types, the mechanisms of myeloid differentiation are incompletely understood at the molecular level. A mouse promyelocytic cell line (MPRO), derived from murine bone marrow cells and arrested developmentally by a dominant-negative retinoic acid receptor, morphologically(More)
NB4 is an acute promyelocytic leukemia cell line that has been shown to be inducible to terminal neutrophil maturation with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). HL60 cells are differentially inducible with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) to monocytes or granulocytes, respectively. HL60 cells induced with DMSO undergo(More)
We have used a combination of hematopoietic growth factors to induce in vitro granulocytic maturation. A fraction of marrow cells enriched for hematopoietic progenitor cells (CD34+, HLA-DR+) was isolated from normal human bone marrow by monoclonal antibody staining and fluorescence-activated cell sorting. Cells were cultured in a suspension system for 3(More)
A characteristic of normal neutrophil maturation is the induction of secondary granule protein (SGP) mRNA expression. Several leukemic human cell lines mimic normal morphologic neutrophil differentiation but fail to express SGPs, such as lactoferrin (LF) and neutrophil gelatinase (NG). In contrast, two murine cell lines (32D C13 and MPRO) are able to(More)
Neutrophil specific granule deficiency (SGD) is a rare congenital disorder of unknown cause associated with an impaired inflammatory response and an absence of neutrophil secondary granules. Reduced levels of several neutrophil proteins have led to the suggestion that the defect may lie at the level of transcription, a hypothesis that is supported by(More)
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