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Malformations of neuronal migration such as lissencephaly (agyria-pachygyria spectrum) are well-known causes of mental retardation and epilepsy that are often genetic. For example, isolated lissencephaly sequence and Miller-Dieker syndrome are caused by deletions involving a lissencephaly gene in chromosome 17p13.3, while many other malformation syndromes(More)
Grey matter heterotopias, demonstrated by MRI, may present with a broad spectrum of clinical severity. We have studied 33 patients with periventricular nodular heterotopias (PNH); 19 (58%) had unilateral and 14 (42%) bilateral lesions. Thirteen of the 19 patients (68%) with unilateral subependymal nodules of grey matter had, in addition, unilateral focal(More)
A 32-month-old child presented in status epilepticus (SE) involving the left side of the body. Fast spin-echo magnetic resonance imaging (FSE-MRI) with hippocampal volumetry performed < or = 24 h after the seizure showed increased T2 signal of the right hippocampus, but no atrophy. Complex partial seizures (CPS) appeared at age 33 months, and three more(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine seizure outcome and its predictors in patients with medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) after temporal lobectomy (TL). BACKGROUND TL is the most common surgical procedure performed in adolescents and adults for the treatment of medically refractory TLE. Seizure outcome has been reported extensively during the first few(More)
We analyzed the interictal [18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (PET) findings of 17 epileptic patients with neuronal migration disorders (NMDs). Fifteen patients had abnormal PET findings, i.e., focal hypometabolism in 9 patients and displaced metabolic activity of normal gray matter in 6. All 15 patients had magnetic resonance(More)
PURPOSE Interictal [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) reveals regional hypometabolism in 60-80% of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). The extent of hypometabolism generally extends beyond the epileptogenic zone. The pathophysiology underlying this widespread change is unknown. This study evaluated the relation(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the clinical significance of MR-defined asymmetry of the fornix and mamillary body for presurgical determination of the side of hippocampal sclerosis in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. METHODS Fast spin-echo MR images were evaluated for evidence of an asymmetrically small fornix and mamillary body in 33 patients with(More)
To assess the value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-measured hippocampal volume in the detection of hippocampal sclerosis, we studied 28 patients undergoing anterior temporal lobectomy for medically intractable mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Hippocampal volumetry and visual analysis of T2 signal change were performed using fast spin-echo T2-weighed MRI.(More)
To determine whether lesional neocortical temporal lobe epilepsy (NTLE) can be differentiated from mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) during the noninvasive presurgical evaluation, we compared the historical features, seizure symptomatology, and surface EEG of 8 patients seizure free after neocortical temporal resection with preservation of mesial(More)
PURPOSE To identify the extent of hippocampal sclerosis in temporal lobe epilepsy with fast spin-echo MR and correlate it with histopathologic findings and surgical outcome. METHODS MR images of 30 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy and pathologically proved hippocampal sclerosis and 30 control subjects were obtained using a fast spin-echo technique(More)