Nikki R. Kong

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BACKGROUND The embryonic stem cell (ESC) factor, SALL4, plays an essential role in both development and leukemogenesis. It is a unique gene that is involved in self-renewal in ESC and leukemic stem cell (LSC). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To understand the mechanism(s) of SALL4 function(s), we sought to identify SALL4-associated proteins by tandem mass(More)
Transcriptional repressors are thought to inhibit gene expression by interfering with the binding or function of RNA Polymerase II, perhaps by promoting local chromatin condensation. Here, we present evidence for a distinctive mechanism of repression, whereby sequence-specific repressors prevent the looping of distal enhancers to the promoter. Particular(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells are capable of self-renewal or differentiation along three main lineages: myeloid, erythroid, and lymphoid. One of the earliest lineage decisions for blood progenitor cells is whether to adopt the lymphoid or myeloid fate. Previous work had shown that myocyte enhancer factor 2C (MEF2C) is indispensable for the lymphoid fate(More)
There is a growing body of evidence supporting that cancer cells share many similarities with embryonic stem cells (ESCs). For example, aggressive cancers and ESCs share a common gene expression signature that includes hundreds of genes. Since ESC genes are not present in most adult tissues, they could be ideal candidate targets for cancer-specific(More)
BACKGROUND Stem cell factor SALL4 is a zinc finger transcription factor. It plays vital roles in the maintenance of embryonic stem cell properties, functions as an oncogene in leukemia, and has been recently proposed to use for cord blood expansion. The mechanism(s) by which SALL4 functions in normal human hematopoiesis, including identification of its(More)
SALL4, a member of the SALL gene family, is one of the most important transcriptional regulators of stem cells. It is of particular interest to stem cell biologists because it is linked to the self-renewal of both embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), and it is involved in human leukemia. In ESCs, the Sall4/Oct4/Nanog core(More)
The embryonic stem (ES) cell gene SALL4 has recently been identified as a new target for cancer therapy, including leukemia. SALL4 is expressed in ES cells and during embryonic development, but is absent in most adult tissues. It is, however, aberrantly expressed in various solid tumors and hematologic malignancies such as myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)(More)
SALL4, a newly identified zinc-finger transcriptional factor important for embryonic development, is mapped to chromosome 20q13. Previously, we reported that SALL4 was constitutively expressed in acute myeloid leukemia and SALL4 transgenic mice developed acute myeloid leukemia. In this study, we aimed to survey SALL4 protein expression in benign and(More)
Amphibian neural development occurs as a two-step process: (1) induction specifies a neural fate in undifferentiated ectoderm; and (2) transformation induces posterior spinal cord and hindbrain. Signaling through the Fgf, retinoic acid (RA) and Wnt/β-catenin pathways is necessary and sufficient to induce posterior fates in the neural plate, yet a(More)