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Short retroposons (SINEs) are repetitive elements amplified in the genome via an RNA intermediate, using the enzymatic machinery of autonomous retroposons (LINEs). SINEs are widely distributed in eukaryotes; for instance, all tested mammalian genomes contain 10(4)-10(6) SINE copies. Although several SINE families such as primate Alu or rodent B1 have long(More)
SINEBase (http://sines.eimb.ru) integrates the revisited body of knowledge about short interspersed elements (SINEs). A set of formal definitions concerning SINEs was introduced. All available sequence data were screened through these definitions and the genetic elements misidentified as SINEs were discarded. As a result, 175 SINE families have been(More)
Here we describe a new short retroposon family of rodents. Like the primate Alu element consisting of two similar monomers, it is dimeric, but the left and right monomers are different and descend from B1 and ID short retroposons, respectively. Such elements (B1-dID) were found in the genomes of Gliridae, Sciuridae, Castoridae, Caviidae, and Hystricidae.(More)
Two new short retroposon families (SINEs) have been found in the genome of springhare Pedetes capensis (Rodentia). One of them, Ped-1, originated from 5S rRNA, while the other one, Ped-2, originated from tRNA-derived SINE ID. In contrast to most currently active mammalian SINEs mobilized by L1 long retrotransposon (LINE), Ped-1 and Ped-2 are mobilized by(More)
Most short retroposons (SINEs) descend from cellular tRNA of 7SL RNA. Here, four new SINEs were found in megabats (Megachiroptera) but neither in microbats nor in other mammals. Two of them, MEG-RS and MEG-RL, descend from another cellular RNA, 5S rRNA; one (MEG-T2) is a tRNA-derived SINE; and MEG-TR is a hybrid tRNA/5S rRNA SINE. Insertion locus analysis(More)
B1 SINEs were studied in 22 families covering all major rodent lineages. The number of B1 copies considerably varies, from 1 x 10(4) in Geomyidae to 1 x 10(6) in Myodonta. B1 sequences can be divided into three main structural variants: B1 with a 20-bp tandem duplication (found in Gliridae, Sciuridae, and Aplodontidae), B1 with a 29-bp duplication (found in(More)
Short retroposons or short interspersed elements (SINEs) constituting 5–10% genome have been isolated from various organisms. CAN SINEs initially found in American mink were named after dogs (Canis), and the range of their distribution in the genomes of carnivores and mammals in general remained topical. Here we demonstrate CAN sequences in representatives(More)
Although B1 and Alu were the first discovered Short Interspersed Elements (SINEs), the studies of these genomic repeats were mostly limited to mice and humans and little data on their presence in other animals were available. Here we report the presence of these SINEs in a wide range of rodents (in all 15 tested families) as well as primates and tree-shrews(More)