Niki S Papavramidou

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Thoracic "empyemas" appear often in the Hippocratic Corpus and with detailed descriptions of their etiology and clinical manifestation. To find the precise thoracic location suffering from "empyema," the physician asks the patient to turn on one side and inspects there for pain. The Hippocratic physicians give a very detailed description of "empyemas"(More)
OBJECTIVE The paper describes "gastrorrhaphy," deriving from the Greek words "gastir" meaning "abdomen" and "rhaphy" meaning "suturing," which was a technique used for the treatment of abdominal wounds. METHODS The technique is described in detail in the texts of Celsus (first century A.D.) and in those of Galen (second century A.D.). Furthermore,(More)
Descriptions concerning "hernia" can be found from the early historical years, and its treatment was a subject mentioned by numerous physicians of Antiquity, such as Hippocrates and Praxagoras of Kos. Yet, Aulus Cornelius Celsus, a famous doctor and encyclopedist of the first century AD, was among the first to propose surgical treatment and carry it out(More)
In classical antiquity, particularly in the Hippocratic Corpus, obesity was considered the cause of disease and, in the extreme, death. This attitude mirrors the general ideology of the times where any deviation from the norm and from logic was unacceptable. The image of balance and of the ideal body weight was clearly depicted in ancient Greek art. The(More)
Only a few studies have been conducted to determine the historical background of obesity, and even fewer have focused on specific writers who have made great contributions on the subject. Galen was among the first to establish scientific methods to describe and treat morbid obesity, and a presentation of his ideas is important because of the influence he(More)
The Hippocratic physicians were among the first who described jaundice (icterus). The Hippocratic Corpus has numerous appearances of the condition, where its etiology, description, prognosis, and treatment are provided. The connection made between the liver and jaundice was remarkable, bearing in mind that the Hippocratic physicians had not performed(More)
Cancer appears in medical history as early as 1600 BC in the Edwin Smith papyrus, where the oldest description of the illness exists. However, the origin of the word ''cancer'' is credited to the Hippocratic physicians, who used the terms karkinos and karkinoma in order to describe tumors. Karkinos was used for any nonhealing swelling or ulcerous formation,(More)
Blood-letting was a common therapeutic method in antiquity; many means were used to draw blood, including the application of leeches. In this paper, ancient Greek, Roman and Byzantine authors up to the 7th century AD were studied, a research that provided us with references that may be divided into two groups: those related to the medicinal use of leeches,(More)
This paper focuses on the Greco-Roman views on obesity with certain extensions to the Byzantine era. The writers reported hereby are Aulus Cornelius Celsus (circa 25 BC), Dioscorides Pedanius (40-90 AD), Soranus of Ephesus (98-138 AD) whose writings on the subject survived through Caelius Aurelianus (5th c. AD), Claudius Aelianus (3rd C. AD), Oribasius(More)