Niki John Agnantis

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Numerous upstream stimulatory and inhibitory signals converge to the pRb/E2F pathway, which governs cell-cycle progression, but the information concerning alterations of E2F-1 in primary malignancies is very limited. Several in vitro studies report that E2F-1 can act either as an oncoprotein or as a tumour suppressor protein. In view of this dichotomy in(More)
The immunohistochemical expression of p53, p21, Rb, p16, cyclin D1, Ki67, cyclin A, cyclin B1, p27, bcl2, bax, and bak proteins and the apoptotic index (Al) were investigated in 20 normal thymuses (8 adults, 3 adolescents, 5 infants and 4 newborns). The expressions of Rb, Ki67, cyclin A and cyclin B1 were overlapping, being high in the cortex with a(More)
Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone tumor and usually occurs in the metaphyseal region of the long bones. This tumor takes the form of a cartilage-capped bony outgrowth on the surface of the bone. The vast majority (85%) of osteochondromas present as solitary, nonhereditary lesions. Approximately 15% of osteochondromas occur as multiple lesions in(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor is a peptide with well-defined actions on the vasculature and fundamental role in tumor angiogenesis. Its action in vascular endothelium is exerted in a paracrine manner. The immunohistochemical expression of this protein by cancer cells in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma was correlated with increased tumor(More)
Recent observations suggest an implication of the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in tumor lymphangiogenesis through an upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor-C expression. It is unknown whether this mechanism also acts in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck region. We performed a retrospective study of 70 patients with head and neck squamous(More)
Disruption of the balance between apoptosis and proliferation is considered to be an important factor in the development and progression of tumours. In the present study we determined the in vivo cell kinetics along the spectrum of apparently normal epithelium, hyperplasia, preinvasive lesions and invasive carcinoma, in breast tissues affected by(More)
Purpose: Tumor angiogenesis is crucial for both the growth of the primary tumor and the development of metastases. Among the factors causing tumor angiogenesis, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is considered as a leading candidate. We aimed to assess the prognostic significance of VEGF and tumor angiogenesis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma(More)
This study investigated the presence of neural mechanoreceptors in the remnants of the ruptured ACL as a possible source of reinnervation of the ACL autologous graft. The remainder of the torn ACL was selected for further histological investigation from 17 patients during ACL reconstruction 3 months to 3.5 years after injury. Perioperatively two types of(More)
The most important cellular protective mechanisms against oxidative stress are antioxidant enzymes. Their action is based on decomposal of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and their transformation to H2O2. Within the mitochondria manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) affords the major defense against ROS. In this study we investigated tissue sections from 101(More)
Lymph node metastasis is a frequent reason for adverse clinical outcome in many epithelial neoplasms, including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. The mechanisms underlying the capability of epithelial neoplasms to metastasize via lymphatic vessels have not yet been fully elucidated. There is great debate about whether cancer cells can metastasize by(More)