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- Nikhil R. Pal, James C. Bezdek
- IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Systems
- 1995

Many functionals have been proposed for validation of partitions of object data produced by the fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering algorithm. We examine the role a subtle but important parameter-the weighting exponent m of the FCM model-plays in determining the validity of FCM partitions. The functionals considered are the partition coefficient and entropy… (More)

- Nikhil R. Pal, Kuhu Pal, James M. Keller, James C. Bezdek
- IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Systems
- 2005

In 1997, we proposed the fuzzy-possibilistic c-means (FPCM) model and algorithm that generated both membership and typicality values when clustering unlabeled data. FPCM constrains the typicality values so that the sum over all data points of typicalities to a cluster is one. The row sum constraint produces unrealistic typicality values for large data sets.… (More)

- Nikhil R. Pal, Sankar K. Pal
- Pattern Recognition
- 1993

- James C. Bezdek, Nikhil R. Pal
- IEEE Trans. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part B
- 1998

We review two clustering algorithms (hard c-means and single linkage) and three indexes of crisp cluster validity (Hubert's statistics, the Davies-Bouldin index, and Dunn's index). We illustrate two deficiencies of Dunn's index which make it overly sensitive to noisy clusters and propose several generalizations of it that are not as brittle to outliers in… (More)

- Dinabandhu Bhandari, Nikhil R. Pal
- Inf. Sci.
- 1993

- Eric Chen-Kuo Tsao, James C. Bezdek, Nikhil R. Pal
- Pattern Recognition
- 1994

- Rajani K. Mudi, Nikhil R. Pal
- IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Systems
- 1999

- Durga Prasad Muni, Nikhil R. Pal, Jyotirmay Das
- IEEE Trans. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part B
- 2006

This paper presents an online feature selection algorithm using genetic programming (GP). The proposed GP methodology simultaneously selects a good subset of features and constructs a classifier using the selected features. For a c-class problem, it provides a classifier having c trees. In this context, we introduce two new crossover operations to suit the… (More)

- James C. Bezdek, Nikhil R. Pal
- Neural Networks
- 1995

- Nikhil R. Pal, James C. Bezdek, Eric Chen-Kuo Tsao
- IEEE Trans. Neural Networks
- 1993

The relationship between the sequential hard c-means (SHCM) and learning vector quantization (LVQ) clustering algorithms is discussed. The impact and interaction of these two families of methods with Kohonen's self-organizing feature mapping (SOFM), which is not a clustering method but often lends ideas to clustering algorithms, are considered. A… (More)